"He was raving all night about a black panther, Stephen said. Where is his guncase? . . . Out here in the dark with a man I don't know raving and moaning to himself about shooting a black panther." Stephen complains to Buck Mulligan about Haines frightening him during the night with his nightmare, and in Proteus he thinks again of when "he woke me up." In real life Joyce was wakened by something far worse than mere apprehension that the Englishman might fire his gun. In his fictive retelling, he subtly altered the events to make the actions of Trench and Gogarty less alarming and appalling, just as he fictively heightened the effect of his having refused to kneel in prayer at his mother's bedside.

JH 2011

Black Panther, oil painting by Sandra J. Haley. Source: wwww.paintingsilove.com.

Flash of a side-ported revolver. Source: thetruthaboutguns.com.