Thalatta! Thalatta!" means "The sea! The sea!” Xenophon's Anabasis, written in the first decades of the 4th century BC, records this cry of a Greek army upon seeing the Black Sea. It expressed their joy, relief, and exultation at escaping near-certain death.

JH 2011

The route followed by Xenophon and the 10,000, in a map made for the Department of History, US Military Academy. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Hoplites (Greek citizen-soldiers, usually armed as spearmen), ca. 4th c. BC. Source: Wikimedia Commons.