The Richmond Lunatic Asylum is mentioned several times in the novel. Gifford notes that Mulligan's "Dottyville" is a mocking name for this facility in NW Dublin, and that "Conolly Norman" was “a famous Irish alienist” (a student of mental disorders) who superintended the Asylum from 1886 to 1908. In Circe Bello notes that "Keating Clay is elected vicechairman of the Richmond asylum," and in Oxen of the Sun one of the medical students speculates that the man in the macintosh has been released from there.

JH 2011

2010 photograph by Quasihuman of the Richmond asylum, designed in the 18th century by architect Francis Johnston. Source: Wikimedia Commons.