Mulligan repeats a fellow medical student's surmise that Stephen has "General paralysis of the insane." Gifford notes that the actual label was “general paresis of the insane,” a “genteel medical term for syphilis of the central nervous system,” but he observes that medical students sometimes used g.p.i. as joking slang for mere eccentricity.

JH 2011

Kathleen Ferris, James Joyce and the Burden of Disease (1995).