As he and others see me”: Seeing himself in the mirror held up by Mulligan, Stephen recalls two well-known lines written by the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759-96). Burns wrote, "O wad some Power the giftie gie us / To see oursels as ithers see us!" The thoughts that follow in Telemachus ("Who chose this face for me? This dogsbody to rid of vermin") make clear that he knows the whole poem and is thinking about its message: objective representation threatens subjective self-satisfaction, and the body humbles the mind. Bloom knows the poem too; he recalls Stephen's line in Lestrygonians and Nausicaa. In the former chapter, he associates it with a similar line from act 3 scene 4 of Hamlet, in which the prince forces his mother to look at portraits of her first husband and of Claudius: "Look on this picture then on that."

JH 2011

Cropped image of oil portrait of Robert Burns by Robert Naysmith, held in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Head lice. Source:

Hamlet forcing his mother to compare the pictures of her two husbands, in Kenneth Branagh's 1996 film. Source: