If Stephen's mother can resemble Hamlet's father's ghost, she also can play the part of Hamlet's mother. Stephen's grimly determined "No, mother" draws strength from Hamlet's anger at Gertrude, and also from Telemachus' rebuke of Penelope in the first book of the Odyssey.

JH 2011

Still from Kenneth Branagh's 1996 film of Hamlet showing Derek Jacobi as Claudius, Branagh as Hamlet, and Julie Christie as Gertrude.

Telemachus and Penelope. Source: odysseyconversation2010.blogspot.com.