"Silk of the kine and poor old woman," two phrases that Stephen attaches to the old milkwoman in Telemachus, are both names given to Ireland "in old times," so he is thinking of her as a mythical representative of the nation. The female figure evoked by the second phrase continues to occupy his imagination later in the chapter and later in the day.

JH 2011

Front page of the first issue of Shan Van Vocht. Source: leargas.blogspot.com.

Alice Milligan. Source: leargas.blogspot.com.

Front page of another issue of the paper. Source: theirishrepublic.wordpress.com.