Unkind as it may seem for Mulligan to say that “The unclean bard makes a point of washing once a month,” he is actually being generous to Stephen, or ignorant of the true magnitude of his problem. Stephen has not had a bath for eight months, because he has a morbid fear of water.

JH 2011

Class of Elements at Clongowes Wood College, 1888. A tiny and isolated Joyce, age 6, appears seated on the grass in the center. Reproduced in David Pierce's James Joyce's Ireland (1995), courtesy of Father Bruce Bradley, S.J.