"Mother Grogan" is a figure in the anonymous Irish song Ned Grogan. She enters Ulysses with Mulligan's clowning about urination in Telemachus, and returns with his appearances in Scylla and Charybdis and Oxen of the Sun. What appears to have recommended her to Mulligan is her frankness about sex.

JH 2016

19th century English chamberpot. Source: www.sciencemuseum.org.uk.

Statue of Molly Malone, heroine of another popular song called "Cockles and Mussels," on Grafton Street in Dublin. Dubliners refer to the statue as The Tart with the Cart, The Trollop with the Scallops, The Dish with the Fish, and so on.