"Mother Grogan" is a figure in the anonymous Irish song Ned Grogan. She enters Ulysses with Mulligan's clowning about urination in Telemachus: "When I makes tea I makes tea . . . And when I makes water I makes water . . . Begob, ma'am, says Mrs Cahill, God send you don't make them in the one pot." The song appears to have charmed Mulligan because of the old woman's commendable frankness about sex.

JH 2016

19th century English chamberpot. Source: www.sciencemuseum.org.uk.

Statue of Molly Malone, heroine of another popular song called "Cockles and Mussels," on Grafton Street in Dublin. Dubliners refer to the statue as The Tart with the Cart, The Trollop with the Scallops, The Dish with the Fish, and so on.