Not least of the bewildering ways in which Proteus plunges the reader into the waves of Stephen's thoughts, with little connection to the dry land of dialogue and action, is its refusal to translate his kaleidoscopic multilingualism into English. In addition to lots of French, some German and Latin, and smatterings of Scots, Irish, Swedish, Greek, and Spanish, the episode contains more than half a dozen phrases in Italian, a language which Joyce spoke fluently. Two of the utterances translated here come from works of literature and opera, and are discussed in other notes. The remaining ones are conversational.

JH 2014

Marcello Mastroianni as Marcello Rubini. Source: www.thematinee.ca.