Stephen came back from Paris with several light entertainment magazines stuffed in his pockets. "Le Tutu" and, even more, the "five tattered numbers of Pantalon Blanc et Culotte Rouge" offered risqué reading which the conservative arbiters of French fashion were endeavoring to suppress. The magazines' preoccupation with sex and with female undergarments link Stephen with James Joyce and with Leopold Bloom.

JH 2015

Cover of La Vie en Culotte Rouge of 2 March 1902, image courtesy of the Zurich James Joyce Foundation. Source: www.jjon.org.

Cover of 1911 annual collection of Culotte Rouge issues. Source: www.jjon.org.