As people go about their day on the streets of Dublin they see "hoardings," or billboards, advertising a show to be performed by "Mr Eugene Stratton." Eugene Augustus Ruhlmann, a white American from Buffalo, NY, performed under that name in blackface, dancing and singing "coon songs."

JH 2014

Edwardian postcard of Eugene Stratton, reproduced in David Pierce, James Joyce's Ireland (1992).