Feather fans

The "old feather fans" that Stephen, in Telemachus, recalls being locked in his mother's private drawer had been all the rage in the 1870s and 1880s. Apparently May has held onto some she possessed in her gay days before starting a family. Other chapters of the novel reflect the Victorian and Edwardian rage for attaching feathers or even entire wings of birds to hats, which by 1904 was becoming controversial.

JH 2020

A late Victorian feather fan, held in the Pitts Rivers Museum, Oxford. Source: www.prm.ox.ac.uk.

An Oktoberfest Bavarian costume hat. Source: www.wish.com.

1910 Knoefel lithographic print of a woman's hat adorned with bird feathers. Source: www.tias.com.

An Edwardian traveling hat decorated with a bird's wing. Source: www.petpeoplesplace.com.