According to Joyce's schemas, the "Art" of Nestor is history, and the chapter begins in the middle of a history lesson. Stephen asks the boys in his class, "what city sent for him?," referring to Pyrrhus (318-272 BC), the Hellenistic-era Greek general who "said: Another victory like that and we are done for. That phrase the world had remembered." His name lives on in the term "Pyrrhic victory."

JH 2012

Bust of Pyrrhus in the Museo Archeologico Nationale, Naples. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Pyrrhus' campaign on the Italian peninsula, 280-275 BC. Source: Wikimedia Commons.