Corpses of papishes

In Nestor and again in Proteus, Stephen thinks of the Ulster Protestants who harassed Catholic peasants in the 1780s and 90s. In the latter chapter, Kevin Egan is wearing what Stephen fancies to be "his peep of day boy's hat"—odd, since Egan was not an activist of that stripe. The Peep o' Day Boys were agrarian Protestants who staged raids on Catholic cottages in the early-morning hours. Eventually they were subsumed into the orange lodges. Stephen earlier has thought about a massacre that occurred at one of these lodges in 1795: "The lodge of Diamond in Armagh the splendid behung with corpses of papishes."

JH 2016

Image titled Peep-of-Day Boys, in Ireland in '98: Sketches of the Principal Men of the Time (1888), original held and digitized by the British Library. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

The counties of present-day Northern Ireland. Source: www.irelandhistory.org