Foot and mouth disease

The "foot and mouth disease," sometimes called hoof-and-mouth disease, is a highly infectious ailment that afflicts cloven-hoofed livestock: cattle, pigs, sheep, goats. The name comes from dangerous blisters that form in the animal's mouth and on its feet. On 16 June 1904, some Dubliners are alarmed about a possible outbreak in Ireland, which could result in an embargo being imposed on the country's cattle—a serious economic threat, given the fact that at the time fully half of the land in Ireland was used for raising cattle.

John Hunt 2012

Quarantine notice on a property in Ponteland, Northumbria. The smoke in the background no doubt comes from burning the carcasses of slaughtered livestock. Source: