Nineteenth century "brogues" were heavy untanned leather shoes, commonly worn by farmers in Ireland and Scotland. They were designed for working in wet environments like bogs, and often contained rows of perforations to let water run out.

JH 2015

Early American brogues from Rhode Island, identified by historical leatherworker George Crawford as being of a design similar to ones used in Ireland in the 19th century. Source:

Scottish ghillie brogues, photographed by Lestat (Jan Mehlich), 2006. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Modern full brogue Oxford dress shoes. Source: