King Edward

The monarch on the British throne in 1904 was King Edward VII, known before Queen Victoria's death in 1901 as Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. Predictably, he comes in for less than reverential treatment in Ulysses. A picture of the Prince on Mr. Deasy's wall in Nestor suggests that the unionist schoolmaster does revere him, but in Cyclops the men in the bar loudly mock the reputation for dissolute ways that Albert acquired in those days. Lotus Eaters rather neutrally associates the King with certain units of the British army, but in Circe that association turns malevolent as a hallucinated Edward steps in to oversee the fight between a helpless Stephen and two drunken soldiers.

John Hunt 2016

Photograph of King Edward VII in regal crown and ermine cape, date unknown but probably near his 1902 coronation. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

King Edward VII at Balmoral Castle in Scotland, photographed by his wife Queen Alexandra, published in 1908. Source: Wikimedia Commons.