In Nestor Stephen thinks of money he borrowed from "Temple," a university companion previously represented in Stephen Hero and A Portrait of the Artist. In Proteus he recalls the "oval equine faces" of Temple and three other men. The character was based at least in part on a young man from the west of Ireland named John Elwood who was starting medical studies at Dublin's Catholic university just as Joyce was finishing his undergraduate education there. Temple plays the tiniest of roles in Ulysses, but one thing known about Elwood, his habit of calling people "Citizen," suggests that he entered the novel in another way.

John Hunt 2022

James Joyce (second from left, standing) with some classmates and teachers at the time of his graduation from University College. Source: www.ucd.ie.