Kidneys of wheat

In Proteus Stephen thinks of priests "moving burly in their albs, tonsured and oiled and gelded, fat with the fat of kidneys of wheat." The last phrase alludes to a passage in the Bible, but its effect is to satirize the hypocrisy of priests, eating well while they promote poverty among their parishioners. The image of burly, fat, oily priests coheres with a strain of anti-clericalism that runs through Joyce's works.

JH 2013

Archbishop Tim Dolan and Cardinal Edward Egan at St. Patrick's in New York City in 2010. Source:

Cardinal Logue in Lourdes. Source: Wikimedia Commons.