Ex nihilo

Contemplating his humble beginning as a small being "lugged . . . squealing into life" by a midwife, Stephen then thinks more ambitiously of his spiritual origins: "Creation from nothing." Christian theologians have traditionally held that God created the cosmos ex nihilo, and many of them have seen the human soul in the same way. Two paragraphs later in Proteus, Stephen continues to think of himself according to these dualistic alternatives. He is a poor material creature "Wombed in sin darkness," but also an eternally existing soul, willed into existence by divine fiat "From before the ages."

JH 2014

Source: shrewddoveapologetics.com.

Source: joyfulpapist.files.wordpress.com.

Eastern Orthodox icon depicting the first Council of Nicaea. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Thomas Aquinas. Source: corinquietam.blogspot.com.

Lotus flowers. Source: www.atlantisqueen.co.