Grand and Royal canals

Several pages into Hades, the funeral carriages cross "The grand canal" at Victoria Bridge. Later in the chapter, they pass over the "Crossguns bridge: the royal canal." These two canals connect Dublin to the west of Ireland by way of the interior lakelands and the Rivers Shannon and Barrow.

John Hunt 2015

Map of Dublin today, showing the Grand Canal, the Liffey, and the eastern end of the Royal Canal in blue, crossed by bridges in white. Source:

The Crossguns bridge today. Source: Gareth Collins.

The Grand Canal at the Baggot Street Bridge, in a photograph of unknown date. Source: Chester Anderson, James Joyce.