Among many other Victorian-era funeral customs seen in the cemetery chapter, Joyce casts several glances at the use of "crape" to signify mourning. Crepe (from the French crêpe) is a thin, crinkled, sheenless fabric made most often from silk. When associated with mourning it was usually spelled with an "a."

John Hunt 2022

Mourning wreaths and doorknob decorated with black ribbons, date and place unknown. Source:

1905 photograph of Richard Norris Wolfenden in mourning by English portraitist G. Chaplin Jones. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

A wreath fashioned from black crape. Source:

William Morris Smith's June 1865 photograph of Union army headquarters at Fort Whipple in Arlington, Virginia with mourning crape over doors and windows. Source: