They had no idea

Figure of speech. Stephen paints a vivid picture of his two old women laboring up the spiral stairs inside Nelson's pillar: "They give two threepenny bits to the gentleman at the turnstile and begin to waddle slowly up the winding staircase, grunting, encouraging each other, afraid of the dark, panting, one asking the other have you the brawn, praising God and the Blessed Virgin, threatening to come down, peeping at the airslits. Glory be to God. They had no idea it was that high." Ancient rhetoricians used the terms hypotyposis and enargia for lively descriptions of this sort, which gave orators the ability to create a strong sense of reality.

John Hunt 2023


Slide by Michaela Kremhelmer, Stephanie Roberts, and Jessica Szczpkowski. Source: