U.P.: Up

The postcard that Josie Breen's husband has received in the mail apparently says only "U. P." She supplies the uncomprehending Bloom with an interpretive gloss: "U. P.: up, she said." While this detail has remained a notorious enigma in Joyce studies for decades, its principal meaning seems clear: Dennis Breen is finished, quite possibly mortally. The specific implication may be that he is suffering from a serious mental illness.

JH 2018

21st century British insult postcard from Mr. Bingo to Nigel Payne, tit. Source: www.theguardian.com.

Another, to Sam Baker. Source: www.theguardian.com.

Another, to Sir Paul Smith. Source: www.theguardian.com.

Another, to Ben Maslen. Source: www.theguardian.com.

Another, to Caroline Lee. Source: www.theguardian.com.

An early vinegar valentine. Source: www.atlasobscura.com.

Another, ca. 1870. Source: www.atlasobscura.com.

A card targeting imperious salespeople, ca. 1910. Source: www.atlasobscura.com.