The "Fitzgeralds," or "Geraldines," were powerful Anglo-Irish lords in counties Offaly and Kildare, west of Dublin. Characters in Ulysses refer often to the 10th Earl of Kildare, Silken Thomas, who mounted a rebellion against the English king. But Thomas' grandfather, the so-called Great Earl, also mentioned in Wandering Rocks, was a more formidable leader.

John Hunt 2015

Silken Thomas' attack on Dublin Castle, in a 16th century woodcut. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Coat of arms of the 8th Earl of Kildare, Gerald FitzGerald. The Cross of St. George (red on a white background) and the motto of the Order of the Garter (Honi soit qui mal y pense) show the Norman roots of these Anglo-Irish lords. Source: Wikimedia Commons.