At the end of Sirens Bloom looks through a shop window at "a gallant pictured hero," probably on a poster, and sees there "Robert Emmet's last words." These come, ostensibly, from the speech that Emmet made from the dock after a court convicted him of high treason and before it sentenced him to die. Joyce lets Bloom's reading of the final word, "Done," mark the end of his quasi-musical chapter, and he also places it at the end of the motifs that constitute a kind of introductory overture, just before the signal to "Begin!" In addition to these ingenious involvements in the musical structures of the episode, the speech gets pulled into the theme of noble, futile resistance sounded in The Croppy Boy.

John Hunt 2023

Robert Emmet's 19 September 1803 address to the court, artist and date unknown. Source:

Robert Emmet and a versified version of his speech, on a poster held in the National Library of Ireland. Source:

Page from a broadside pamphlet published in Dublin in 1860, held in the National Library of Ireland. Source: