I was just passing the time

"I was just passing the time of day with old Troy": "I"? In a novel that has been built on third-person narration—despite the intrusion of newspaper-like headlines in Aeolus, brief dramatic scripts in Scylla and Charybdis, space-time juxtapositions in Wandering Rocks, and quasi-musical word-constructs in Sirens—the twelfth episode announces at its outset that the narrative rules are about to change radically. This episode will be narrated first-person by a man who, it soon appears, is a down-on-his-luck, mean-spirited, misanthropic barhound. The speaker is never named, and he does not appear or figure in any other chapter of Ulysses.

JH 2014

Drawing by Levi Weinhagen. Source: blogs.walkerart.org.