Sir Walter Ralegh

When Bloom disapproves of cigarette smoking and Zoe says, "Go on. Make a stump speech out of it," he launches into an indictment of tobacco that begins with the historical tradition that "Sir Walter Ralegh brought from the new world that potato and that weed." These two plants were imported from the Americas in the early modern era, but the tradition crediting Ralegh is suspect on several counts.

JH 2017

"Raleigh's First Pipe in England," illustration in Frederick William Fairholt's Tobacco, Its History and Associations (1859), held in the New York Public Library. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Woodblock print from Anthony Chute's pamphlet called Tabaco (1595), the first known image of a European smoking tobacco. Source: Wikimedia Commons.