When Martha Clifford's accusation in Circe prompts a constable to sternly command Bloom, "Come to the station," Bloom fearfully takes a step back and, "plucking at his heart and lifting his right forearm on the square, he gives the sign and dueguard of fellowcraft." These actions, and his reply to the policeman––"No, no, worshipful master, light of love"––indicate his familiarity with the rituals of Freemasonry. But appealing to a policeman's sense of Masonic brotherhood seems wildly inappropriate, and Joyce seems to be pointing out the absurdity with the phrases "worshipful master" and "light of love," both of which echo elements of Shakespeare's Much Ado about Nothing that do not paint Bloom in a good light.

John Hunt 2023

Candidate taking the oath of a Fellow Craft, in Malcolm Duncan's Masonic Ritual and Monitor. Source: www.phoenixmasonry.org.

2023 photograph of Rob Phillips, the Worshipful Master of the Lodge of Dawn in Leeds, England. Source: www.thelodgeofdawn.co.uk.