Subject Index

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This index includes both specific names and broad conceptual categories. Each line in the index contains a note title followed by a parenthetical description of the relevant content in the note. Note titles will eventually contain hyperlinks, but for now they can be looked up in the Index of Titles.



    Balm of Gilead (marketing of patent medicine)
    Best value in Dublin (newspaper ad)
    Cantrell and Cochrane's (poster and bar mirror)
    Clery's summer sales (poster)
    Davy Stephens (periodical vendor's self-promotion)
    Eugene Stratton (poster for stage act)
    Greenhouses (illegal ads on walls)
    Hoardings (posters plastered on walls)
    Photo Bits (diverse assortments of ads)
    Plumtree’s Potted Meat (newspaper ad)
    Prescott's dyeworks (tram and newspaper ads)
    Prix de Paris (hucksters' pitches)
    Puff (promotional stories and blurbs)
    Soap (promotional jingles and posters)
    Wisdom Hely’s (street ads)

Aesthetic theories

Akasic records (universal memory)
    Candescent (universal mind)
    Composition of place (compositional procedure) 
    Epiphanies (prose vignettes)
    I, I, and I (unity through memory)
    Invisibility (authorial presence)
    Local colour (compositional procedure)   
    Mass for Pope Marcellus (musical inspiration)
    Mockery (jocoseriousness)  
    Nacheinander (temporal and spatial arts)
    No mistakes (art and life)
    Parallax (seeing things from different angles)
    Plato's world of ideas (banning representational art)
    Print anything (resisting censorship)
    Put us all into it (densely specific universal fiction, holding everything in mind)
    Retrospective arrangement (mnemonic ordering)
    Schemas (design for chapters)
    Soul of the world (universal mind)
    A ghost by absence (the insubstantial artist)
    Trivial in itself (significance of trivial things)
    Venus (static and kinetic art)
    Vico Road (creating in one's image)
    Weave the wind (applying doctrine of consubstantiality)

Allen, James Lane

    Throb (The Mettle of the Pasture)

Amundsen, Petter

    Cypherjugglers (Shakespeare authorship question)

, see also Cats and dogs and Cattle and horses

Absurd name (Dedalus as birdlike flyer, Stephen as sacrificial bull)
    Barnacle goose (fish feeding on man's body, barnacles becoming geese)
    Bayed about (Stephen's image of self as deer)
    Black panther (Haines' nightmarish self-projection)
    Bluebottle (bee or fly that stung or bit Bloom)

    Buck, trippant (hare, deer, bear, wolf, cow, fox, leopard, panther, walrus, snake)

    Cockles (digging clams)
    Cuckoo (birds that violate the nests of other species)
    A donkey brayed (prediction of rain, echo of the Iliad)
    Feather fans (birds' feathers, wings, and bodies displayed on clothing)
    Ghoststory (fox burying his grandmother)
    Ghoul (hyena-like devourer of human flesh, rat in the graveyard)
    Lap, lapin (Patrice Egan's rabbit-like lapping of milk)
    Lestrygonians (killing animals to eat, hungry gulls)
    A little man (bat as the human soul departing its body)
    Mity cheese (cheese with mites)
    Old England (robin redbreast in a cage)
    Pantomime (giant rocs in the valley of diamonds)
    Sardines (silvery fish as beautiful as the finest human lady)
    Seal’s head (human swimmer's head indistinguishable from seal's)
    Seem to like it (toxoplasmosis in mice and rats)
    Squashed lice (human bodies home to insects)
    Squashed snail (weak human bodies compared to snails)
    Vampire (bats as image of humans' predatory sexuality)


Absurd name (Greek roots of Stephen's names)
    Altar’s horns (Hebrew altars)
    Augur's rod (Roman priests)
    Brass quoits (discus throwing)
    British or Brixton (British and Roman empires)
    Call it, wait (ancient Greek philosophy)
    Cassandra (Trojan seer)
    Dead Sea (Hebrew stories of divine punishment)
    Deshil Holles Eamus (Roman priests)
    Druids (Irish priests)
    Exodus (Hebrews' departure from Egypt)
    The grandeur that was Rome (Rome's greatness)
    Hades (classical underworlds of Homer and Virgil)
    Hyperborean (Greek ideas of the far north)
    Imperial, imperious, imperative (Roman empire)
    In the heart (Greek and Roman rhetorical theory)
    Isle of saints (Druidic Ireland)
    Julius Caesar (murdered in attempt to prevent Roman empire)
    Language of flowers (Hebrew, Greek, and Roman floriography)
    Malachi (Roman messenger of the gods)
    Metempsychosis (Greek philosophers, Orphic religion)
    No hair there (Greek and Roman statues of women)
    Omphalos (Delphic oracle)
    Prix de Paris (Paris and Helen)
    Pyrrhus (warrior against the Roman empire)
    Read them in the original (classical Greek literature)
    Remembering thee (Babylonian captivity of Hebrews)
    Sacred Heart (Greek painter Zeuxis)
    Saint Patrick (pagan kings of Ireland)
    Salt cloak (Hebrew stories of divine punishment)
    Sandow’s exercises (Greek ideal of physical beauty)
    Shrewridden (Socrates’ wife, Aristotle)
    Slimmer (Greek goddesses)
    Slowed, shunted, changed (Greek and Roman rhetorical theory)
    Testicles (Hebrew, Roman, Babylonian, Greek, and Irish oaths)
    Thalatta! (Xenophon’s Greek warriors)
    Vast, I allow: but vile (Roman view of Greeks)
    Venus (Greek statues of ideal female and male bodies)
    Very little perceptive (Roman historians)
    Xenophon looked on Marathon (Athenian victory over the Persians)


All of us (racial and religious prejudice)
    Awfully good (class resentments recast as racism)
    Barabbas (biblical criminal spared by Pilate)
    German Jews (purported enemies of modern European nations)
    He was a jew (Dublin cultural prejudices)
    Ikey Mo (English comic strip)
    Jew merchants (medieval prohibition of usury, killing of Christ)
    Leah (Jew-hating Jew in an Austrian village)
    Messiah (Alleluia chorus accompanies Bloom’s immolation)
    Nothing in black and white (belief that Jews will not sign contracts)
    Paris stock exchange (Jews in Paris)
    Reuben J. Dodd (hatred of a supposedly Jewish moneylender)
    Sir Frederick Falconer (racial and religious prejudice)
    She never let them in (Jews in Ireland)
    Wandering Jew (Christian myth of divine curse)
    Yellow dressinggown (stigmatization of heretics)

Aquinas, Thomas

Aquinas (Summae, corpulence)
    Creation from nothing (separate creation of rational soul)
    Isosceles triangle (hyper-rationality of Summae)
    Simple substance (Summa Theologica)


All Hallows (St. Andrew's church)
    Archway (Georgian arches over streets)
    Different churches (three churches seen from Nelson's pillar)
    Four Courts (architects Thomas Cooley and James Gandon)
    General Post Office (architect Francis Johnston)
    Kildare Street Club (architects Benjamin Woodward and Sir Thomas Deane)
    Prospect Cemetery (mortuary chapel in Glasnevin cemetery)
    National Library (architects Sir Thomas Deane father and son)


    Aristotle (maestro di color che sanno)
    Infinite possibilities (Metaphysics, Physics)
    Plato's world of ideas (opposition between Platonists and Aristotelians)

Arnold, Matthew  

Hellenise it (Culture and Anarchy)
    One great goal (Westminster Abbey)


Absolute zero (temperatures in interstellar space)
    Delta of Cassiopeia (supernovae)
    Gas: then solid: then world (nebular hypothesis)
    Heaventree (medieval astronomy)
    Old Christmas (astronomical basis of calendars)
    Parallax (calculation of stellar distances)

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Bacon, Sir Francis

    Cypherjugglers (Shakespeare authorship question)

Ball, Sir Robert Stalwell

Gas: then solid: then world (The Story of the Heavens)
    Parallax (The Story of the Heavens)

Ballads and bawdy songs

Hannigan's aunt (rowdy ballad by Percy French)
    Mary Ann (anonymous Irish song Mary Ann) 
    Mother Grogan (anonymous Irish song Ned Grogan)
    Mother Slipperslapper (traditional English folk song Fox Went Out on a Chilly Night)
    My bold Larry (Irish ballad Bold Traynor O or The Night before Larry was Stretched)
    None to me (The Miller of Dee, 18th century English folk song)
    Rocky road to Dublin (anonymous 19th century Irish song)
    Who’s getting it up? (O Mary Lost the Pin of Her Drawers)
    You are my darling (traditional Irish ballad)

Baudelaire, Charles

    Stereoscope (disdain for the new invention)

Berkeley, George, Bishop of Cloyne

Coloured signs (immaterialism)
    Ideas and sensations (idealist response to Lockean ideas)


    Altar’s horns (Exodus)
    Archangel Michael (Revelation)
    Balm of Gilead (Jeremiah)
    Barabbas (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John)
    Be as gods (Genesis)
    Coin of tribute (Matthew, Luke, John)
    Coloured signs (Exodus)
    Come out of them (Mark, Luke)
    Contransmagnific (Luke)
    Darkness (John)
    Dead Sea (Genesis)
    Descende, calve (2 Kings)
    Ecce homo (Matthew, John)
    Ex nihilo (Genesis, 2 Maccabees)
    Exodus (Exodus, Psalms)
    Far and wide (Exodus)
    Fleshpots (Exodus)
    Ingemiscit (Romans)
    Jesus wept (John)
    Jew merchants (John)
    Joachim (Luke, Revelation)
    Kidneys of wheat (Deuteronomy)
    Let there be life (Genesis, Matthew)
    Lucifer (Psalms, Isaiah, Mark, Luke, John)
    Malachi (Malachi)
    Martha and Mary (Luke, John)
    Mustered and bred (Genesis)
    Naked Eve (Genesis, Song of Songs)
    New Jerusalem (Jeremiah, Revelation)
    No free drinks (John)
    Olivet (Acts)
    Parable of the Plums (Mark)
    Paris stock exchange (gospels)
    Passover (Exodus, Deuteronomy, John)
    Remembering thee (Psalms)
    The sacred pint (Mark)
    Salt cloak (Genesis)
    Samaritan (Luke)
    Server (Genesis)
    Star of the Sea (Revelation)
    Stripped of his garments (Matthew)
    Testicles (Genesis)
    This is my body (Matthew, Mark, Luke)
    Two Maries (Exodus, Matthew)
    Übermensch (Proverbs)
    Unclean loins (Genesis, Leviticus)
    Weave the wind (Isaiah)
    Woman’s hand (1 Kings)
    Writing on the wall (Daniel)

Blake, Willliam

    Darkness (The Marriage of Heaven and Hell)
    Daughters of memory (A Vision of the Last Judgment, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell)
    Hangman god (A Vision of the Last Judgment)
    Los Demiurgos (Milton and other poems)
    Old England (Auguries of Innocence)
    Saint Genevieve (The Marriage of Heaven and Hell)
    Weave the wind (Jerusalem)

Blavatsky, Helena

    Pico della Mirandola (Key to Theosophy)

Boccaccio, Giovanni

    Houses of decay (Decameron)  

Bodily needs and afflictions, see also Illness and medicine

    Armstrap (stabilizers in carriages)
    Cascara sagrada (Bloom's constipation)

    A cenar teco (hunger)

    Chamber music (urination)
    Cloacal obsession (answer to charge made by H. G. Wells)
    Cock Lake (Stephen's urination)
    Cuckstool (Bloom's defecation)
    Done (Bloom's farting)
    Dustbuckets (Bloom's defecation)
    Father Mathew (temperance movement)
    Fleshpots (hunger)
    Giddy to look (fear of heights)
    Greenhouses (public urinals)
    Happy warmth (animal heat)
    Hypnotic suggestion (sleepwalking, night terrors, confusional arousal, sleepwalking)
    Isle of dreadful thirst (hunger and thirst)
    Lestrygonians (need to eat)
    The man in the macintosh (hunger)
    Mary Ann (urination)
    Mother Grogan (urination)
    No thoughts (urination)
    Piles (Bloom's hemorrhoids)
    Sawdust (urinating on floors)
    Silent ship (Stephen's nose-picking)
    Soap (cleanliness)
    Saint Vitus' dance (chorea)
    Tap with it (blind people's canes)
    This job (Stephen's urination)

    Toothless (Stephen's dental needs)

    Waters come down (Molly's menstruation)

Boehme, Jakob

    Signatures (On the Signatures of Things)

Booth, William

    Submerged tenth (In Darkest England)

Borges, Jorge Luis

    A ghost by absence (Everything and Nothing)

Brandes, Georg

    Cypherjugglers (Shakespeare authorship question)
    Local colour (William Shakespeare)

Bruno, Giordano   

Delta of Cassiopeia (On the Infinite Universe and Worlds)
    Metempsychosis (On the Infinite Universe and Worlds)
    Soul of the world (Cause, Principle, and Unity)

Bunyan, John

    Youth led by Experience (Pilgrim's Progress)

Burns, Robert

    As others see us (On a Louse)
    Union (Such a Parcel of Rogues in a Nation)

Byron, George Gordon, Lord

    Botanic Gardens (Hours of Idleness)
    Lord Byron (The First Kiss of Love and Don Juan)
    Xenophon looked on Marathon (Don Juan)
    One thinks of Homer (mockery of Terrot's praise of Southey)

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Cage, John

    Bronze by gold (Roaratorio)

Campbell, Thomas

    Row me o’er the ferry (Lord Ullin's Daughter)

Carey, James

Denzille street (address at which Carey lived)
    James Carey (member of Invincibles who turned queen's evidence)


A cenar teco (penitence)
    And ever shall be (doxology)
    Archangel Michael (prayers for divine protection)
    The best death (sudden death, infant mortality, and suicide)
    Celestials (mission to China)
    Christian Brothers (educational order of laymen)
    Communion (ritual within the Mass)
    Composition of place (spiritual devotions)
    Conversion (competition with Protestants and Jews)
    Crossed (sign of the cross)
    Dringdring! (bells rung in Mass)
    Ecce homo (crucifixion, Mass)
    Exodus (Gregorian chant)
    Father Farley (combating false belief)
    Freemasons (hostility to the Masonic order)
    Genuine Christine (black mass)
    Green stone (papal bull)
    Handmaid of the moon (prayer celebrating the Annunciation)
    Hokypoky (transubstantiation)
    Holy water (church fonts and aspergilla)
    Huguenots (hostility to French Protestants)
    Increase and multiply (ban on contraception)
    Infinite possibilities (ban on contraception)
    Into the choir (exclusion of women)
    Introibo (Mass)
    The Irish church (state seizure of church)
    Jesuits (clerical educational order)
    Kidneys of wheat (princes of the church)
    Liliata rutilantium (prayer for the dying)
    Moore (conversion to Protestantism)
    Nimbus and niche (church recess)
    Old Mrs Riordan (sexual repression, threats of damnation)
    Our Father (prayer)
    Prepuces (circumcision)
    Purgatory (Third Place in addition to heaven and hell)
    Repent! (prayer and penitence)
    Sacred Heart (lay devotional practice)
    Sacred pint (underground church)
    Scapulars (devotional patches affording divine protection)
    Server (altar boys)
    Shrive and oil (extreme unction)
    Sodality (fraternal pious organizations)
    Stabat Mater (romantic setting of sacred text)
    Star of the Sea (Mariology)
    Stole (priestly garments)
    Stripped of his garments (Stations of the Cross)
    This is my body (transubstantiation)
    Those white corpuscles (transubstantiation)
    Two masters (papal bull, Irish and Italian churches)
    Ungirdled (priestly garments)

Cats and dogs

    Athos (Bloom's father's dog and Odysseus' dog)
    City Arms hotel (cat's home in hotel)
    Crouched in flight (dog's fearful retreat)

    Dog of my enemy (biting dogs and vicious human beings)

    Dogsbody (dogs dying and living, obeying and attacking, dissolving and deifying)
    Down, sir! (dogs addressed as humans)
    Mohammed (kindness to cats)
    Mrkgnao (cat language)

    They understand what we say (communication between cats and humans)

    Wonder is it true (function of cat whiskers)

Cattle and horses

Beef to the heels (attractive and unattractive women imaged as heifers)
    Brian Boroimhe House (cattle for the conqueror)
    Bullockbefriending (Stephen's association with bulls)
    Cattlemarket (Bloom's sympathy for doomed animals)
    City Arms hotel (Bloom's job at cattle market)

    Foot and mouth disease (threat to the Irish cattle industry)
    Gold Cup (horses in the race at Ascot Heath)
    Horsey women (women who ride to the hounds)

    Mananaan MacLir (horses in the waves)
    Serum and virus (inoculating horses and cattle against disease)
    Ship of the street (horse pulling street-sweeping machine)

    Vanished horses (high-class race horses)

    Very peripatetic (the whatness of allhorse)

Cavalcanti, Guido

    Houses of decay (atheistic affirmation of art)

Cervantes, Miguel de

    Don Quixote (possible epic model for Ulysses)
    Naggin (Don Quixote)
    One thinks of Homer

Chamber Music (poetry collection)

Chamber music (proposal of title, discovery of its ambiguity)
    Fred Ryan ("My love is in a light attire")
    Waters come down (veiled reference to title in Molly's chamberpot)

    Alchemists (alchemy and modern chemistry)
    Hanched (mustard seeds)

    Mauve (synthetic aniline dyes)
    Parsee tower of silence (quicklime)

    Sweny's (Victorian pharmacies)

Children's verses

    Eyes of a toad (English nursery rhyme Cock Robin)
Janey Mack (Irish nursery rhyme)
    Licking the saucer clean (Jack Sprat, Tom Tucker, I’m a Little Teapot)   
    Misty Morning (Mother Goose nursery rhyme)

    Passover (traditional Aramaic song Chad Gadya)
Riddle me (traditional English riddle)   
    Sacred Heart (Italian tongue-twister for children)
    Sir Lout ("Fee fie fo fum" nursery rhyme)
    The house that Jack built (nursery rhyme incorporated in pantomimes)

Christian theology

    Aquinas (incorporation of Aristotelian philosophy)
    Aristotle (Creation from nothing)
    Arius (hierarchical Trinity)
    The best death (sudden death, infant mortality, suicide)
    Communion (presence of God within)
    Consubstantiality (Incarnation, Trinity)
    Contransmagnific (Trinity, transubstantiation, Mariology, immanence)
    Creed (Trinity)
    Crosstrees (crucifixion and resurrection)
    Darkness (symbolism of divine light)
    Ex nihilo (Creation from nothing)
    Hangman god (God as destroyer)
    Heaventree (celestial heavens)
    Ingemiscit (Arianism and Trinitarianism)
    Joachim (typological historiography)
    Lucifer (Satan, Christ)
    Mass for Pope Marcellus (plainsong and polyphony)
    My father’s a bird (Annunciation)
    Occam (hypostasis)
    Olivet (resurrection)
    One great goal (linear historiography)
    Pain of love (God as Love)
A shout in the street (divine immanence)
    Signatures (Book of Nature)
    Simple substance (immortality of the soul)
    Stench (conflict of sexual love and divine love)
    A ghost by absence (Limbus Patrum)
    Symbol of the Apostles (early creed)
    Weave the wind (consubstantiality)


    Clack back
    Mity cheese

Clothes and accessories

  Ashplant (Stephen's cane)
    Blazes Boylan (serge suit, straw hat, shoes, socks)
    Braided drums (woman's gloves)
    Bretelles (dress ornamentations)
    Brogues (rustic shoes)
    Card behind the headband (greeting cards)
    Clay pipe (Bloom's peasant pipe)
    Clery's summer sales (straw hat)
    Collar of gold (warrior's jewelry)
    Crape (black armbands)
    Dancecards (Stephen's mother's mementos of formal balls)
    Did I not take it up? (Stephen's handkerchief)
    Eton suit (clothes Bloom imagines Rudy wearing)
    Exodus (Stephen's cane and hat)
    Featherfans (
Stephen's mother's formal attire)
    Filibegs (King Edward's kilts)
    Freeman’s Journal (Bloom's newspaper)
    Green stone (Haines' cigarette case)
    Hornblower (fox-hunting clothes)
    Huge key (key to Martello tower door)
    Huguenots (poplin cloth)
    Into my eye (Bloom's cigar)
    Kickshaws (stockings)
    Latin quarter hat (Stephen's soft hat)
    Listed feet (Bloom's slippers)
    Man in the macintosh (rainwear)
    Map of it all (Molly's handkerchiefs)
    Martin Cunningham (his silk hat)
    Matches (friction matches)
    Mauve (popular artificial color)
    Onehandled adulterer (petticoats)
    Opoponax (Molly's perfume scent)
    Panama hat (Mulligan's woven hat)
    Potato (magical talisman)
    Ruddy wool (Rudy's sweater)
    Savingsbox (Deasy's coin holder)
    Scapulars (religious cloth patches)
    Skyblue clocks (Boylan's socks)
    Sodality (vestments and banners)
    Stolewise (Mulligan's towel)
    Tam (Milly's soft cap)
    Tap with it (Stephen's cane)
    Waistcoat (Mulligan's vest)
    Where is my hat? (Bloom's hat)
    Yellow dressinggown (Mulligan's robe)
    Yeates and Son (Bloom's binoculars)

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor

    O, harp Eolian! (The Aeolian Harp)

Collins, Wilkie

    Man in the macintosh (The Woman in White)

Crime and punishment

    Arbour Hill (executions)
    Denzille street (James Carey's address)
    Done (Robert Emmet's last words)
    Fenians (insurrection, attack on prison van, prison bombing, executions)
    Henry Flower (murder of young woman)
    James Carey (member of Invincibles who turned queen's evidence)

    Mantrap (picking pockets in Monto)
    Martha Clifford (murder of young woman)

Critical Writings

    Akasic records (idea of universal memory in "James Clarence Mangan")
    Bayed about (image of self as deer in “The Holy Office”)
    Daily Express (21 review essays published in this paper)
    Daughters of memory (
"James Clarence Mangan")
    Ecce homo (praise of Munkácsy's painting in “Royal Hibernian Academy ‘Ecce Homo’”)
    Green stone (gift from pope to English king in “Ireland, Island of Saints and Sages”)
    Isle of saints (reference to “Island of Saints and Sages”)
    Lost armada (wrecked ships in "The Mirage of the Fisherman of Aran")
    More Irish than the Irish
(reference to “Island of Saints and Sages”)
    One great goal (eternal human truths in "Drama and Life")
    Pico della Mirandola (mahamanvantara in "The Holy Office")
    Read them in the original (Ireland-Greece comparison in “Island of Saints and Sages”)
    Salt bread (inspiration to become a European writer in “Ibsen’s New Drama”)
    Spirit of man (affirmation of changeless human realities in “Drama and Life”)

    Throb (review of "The Mettle of the Pasture")

Croce, Benedetto

    Vico Road (Aesthetic)

Cummins, Maria

    Ministering angel (The Lamplighter)

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Dante Alighieri

    Arbour Hill (references to future events)
    Aristotle (called the maestro di color che sanno in Inferno 4)
    The best death (unbaptised infants in Limbo in Inferno 4)
    Brunetto (spiritual fathers in Inferno 1 and 15)
    Consubstantiality (Sabellius and Arius in Paradiso 13)
    The cold of interstellar space (losing Virgil in Purgatorio 30)
    Ex nihilo (Statius' embryology in Purgatorio 25)
    Exodus (peregrini in Vita Nuova 40 and Purgatorio 2, lantern in Purgatorio 1 and 22)
    Hades (underworld in Inferno)
    Heaventree (sight of the stars in Inferno 34, ascent through the heavens in Paradiso)
    He thought that he thought (mental mirroring in Inferno 13)
    How many! (Inferno 3, 5, and 18, Purgatorio 5)
    Isosceles triangle (Beatrice as a numerical principle in Vita Nuova 19 and 29)
    Joachim ("Abbas" title possibly inspired by abate in Paradiso 12)
    Master Bloom (responses to shaking and shouting in Purgatorio 20)
    Old Mrs Riordan (pious zealot nicknamed "Dante")
    Purgatory (penitentiary-like in Purgatorio)
    Rhymes and reasons (rhymes and colors in Inferno 5, Purgatorio 29, and Paradiso 31)
    Salt bread (Cacciaguida's prophecy of exile in Paradiso 17)
    Stench (Dante's dream of the Siren in Purgatorio 19, Beatrice in Purgatorio 30-31)
    Your own master (Virgil's crowning of Dante in Purgatorio 27)

Death, mourning, and afterlives

    Aconite (suicide of Bloom’s father)
    Alive all the time (fear of being buried alive)
    Bad gas (putrefaction gases)
    The best death (sudden death, infant mortality, suicide)
    Crape (mourning fabric)
    Dogsbody (death as the end of life)
    Druids (metempsychosis)
    Everyman (medieval memento mori)
    Fine old custom (horsedrawn funeral processions)
    Five fathoms (Shakespearean immortality)
    Floating flower (Buddhist immortality)
    Frogmore Memorial (mourning of Queen Victoria)
    Ghoststory (Stephen's guilt over his mother's death)
    Ghoul (corpse-chewing demons)
    Grey pants (Victorian mourning customs)
    Hades (afterlives, life-in-death and death-in-life)
    Invisibility (ghosts)
    Leah (Bloom's guilt over his father's death)
  A little man (Egyptian immortality)
    The man in the macintosh (ghosts)
    Metempsychosis (theories of reincarnation)
    Mummer (death and resurrection)
    Mutes (Victorian mourning customs)
    Newbridge Avenue (Victorian mourning customs)
    Parsee tower of silence (cremation)
    Poor little Rudy (death of a child)
    Purgatory (afterlife condition)
    A ghost by absence (ghosts)
    Whooping cough (childhood diseases)

Dickens, Charles
    Dame's school (Great Expectations)
    Found drowned (Bleak House)
    Swung louridly (Martin Chuzzlewit)
Trivial in itself (David Copperfield, Great Expectations, Bleak House)

Donnelly, Ignatius

    Cypherjugglers (Shakespeare authorship question)

Douglas, Lord Alfred

    Dare not speak its name (Two Loves)

Doyle, Arthur Conan

Capel street library (book Bloom has borrowed)
    Man in the macintosh (maxim of Sherlock Holmes)
    Titbits (Elementary Education Act)

Drugs (alcohol, tobacco, opium)

    Absinthe (reputedly deranging liqueur)

    Benedictine and Chartreuse (liqueurs) 

    Clay pipe (rustic pipes)
    Come home to ma (alcoholism)
    Into my eye (cigar)
    Like snuff at a wake (snuff)
    Lotus Eaters (tobacco, alcohol, opium)
    Naggin (small whiskey bottle)
    Nice piece of wood (mild inebriation)
    James Clarence Mangan (alcoholic and opium addict)
    Ounce of opium (Chinese opium habit)

    Pubs (alcohol)
    Tobacco (pipes and cigarettes)

Dryden, John

Her courts (Mac Flecknoe)
    Never be a saint (saying about Swift)

Dublin businesses

    Amiens Street (Bergin's, Mullett's, Signal House, North Star, Dock Tavern, Rourke's Bakery)

    Arnott’s (department store)
    Barney Kiernan’s (pub)
    Boland’s Bread (various shops)
    Brian Boroimhe House (pub)
    City Arms hotel (residential hotel)
    Clery's summer sales (department store)
    Conway's (pub)
    Dan Dawson’s speech (bakery)
    Davy Byrne’s (pub)
    D. B. C. (breads, pastries, and teas)
    Drago's (hairdressers)
    Elvery’s Elephant (sporting goods)
    Fancy bread (bakery)
    Findlaters (groceries and spirits)
    Gaslight (gasometers)
    Graham Lemon’s (candies)
    Grosvenor (hotel)
    Hamilton Long’s (pharmacy)
    Hodges Figgis (books)
    Huguenots (Irish weaving industry)
    John Wyse Nolan's wife (groceries and restaurant)
    London via long sea (travel line)
    Lynam's (bookmakers)
    Monumental builder (funeral monuments)
    O'Neill's (undertaker)
    Ormond Bar (hotel, bar, and restaurant)
    Passing a pub (hard not to)
    Prescott's dyeworks (dyeing and cleaning)
    Pubs (at least 36 mentioned by name)
    Red Bank oysters (restaurant)
    Shelbourne Hotel (expensive hotel)
    The Ship (pub)
    Sir James W. Mackey (seeds, bulbs, and nursery plants)
    Sweny’s (pharmacy)
    Turkish baths (public baths)
    College Green (Ulster Bank, Bank of Ireland)
    Up the quay (Barry's tailor shop, Marks's antiques)
    Westland Row (tea company, hotel)
    Wisdom Hely’s (stationery and printing)
    Yeates and Son (optics)


Bob Doran (principal character in “The Boarding House”)
    Cousins (source of Gretta Conroy's name)
    Cracked lookingglass (defense of book to Grant Richards)
    Daily Express (paper for which Gabriel Conroy writes in The Dead)
    Do his duty (portrayal of alcoholism in “Counterparts”)
    Edge of the paper (man named Peake in "Counterparts")
    Emily Sinico (woman who dies in “A Painful Case”)
    Epiphanies (intention for the whole book)
    Eumaeus (looking for Odysseus in "An Encounter")
    Evening Mail (announcement of Mrs. Sinico's death in "A Painful Case")
    Gretta Conroy (Gabriel Conroy's wife in The Dead)
    Hoppy Holohan (concert organizer in “A Mother”)
    Into the choir (Kate Morkan's protest in The Dead)
    Irish Homestead (paper that published “Sisters” and "Eveline")
    Jack Power (character in "Grace")
    J. C. Doyle (model for concert in "A Mother")
    King Billy's horse (Gabriel's story of Johnny in The Dead)
    Like a cock's wattles (simile in "The Boarding House")
    Man in the macintosh (Duffy and Mr. Sinico candidates for secret identity)
    Martin Cunningham (character in “Grace”)

    M’Coy (character in “Grace”)

    No thoughts (deferred publication of the book)
    Paresis (mentions of insanity in “An Encounter” and “Eveline”)
    Ragging (symbolism of details)
    Silent ship (search for Ulysses in “An Encounter”)
    Snotgreen (Gabriel Conroy's responses to the Irish Revival in The Dead)
    Star of the Sea (site of Tom Kernan's marriage in “Grace”)
    The stream of life (Maritana in "A Mother" and The Dead)
    Tom Kernan (principal character in “Grace”)
    Übermensch (books by Nietzsche owned by James Duffy in “A Painful Case”)
    Xenophon looked on Marathon (mistakes in "Grace")

Dublin institutions

    All Hallows (St. Andrew's Catholic church)
    Amiens Street (train station, City Coroner's Court, City Morgue)
    Antient Concert Rooms (concert hall)
    Ballast Office (Port and Docks board)
    Botanic Gardens (public gardens)
    Broadstone terminus (train station)
    Cabman’s shelter (night shelters for cabbies)
    Capel Street library (public lending libraries)
    Catholic club (Catholic gentlemen’s club)
    College Green (postal and telegraph office)
    Dame's school (independent elementary school)
    Different churches (Catholic churches)
    Dublin Castle (imperial government center)
    Dublin Corporation (city council)
    Four Courts (higher courts)
    General Post Office (mail hub)
    George’s church (Protestant church)
    High School (Protestant school)
    Holles Street hospital (obstetric hospital)
    Huguenots (French Protestant cemetery)
    Irish Lights (maritime safety board)
    Jack Power (Royal Irish Constabulary)
    Kildare Street Club (Protestant gentlemen’s club)
    Kingsbridge Station (train station)
    Marsh’s library (private library)
    Mater hospital (hospital with hospice unit)
    Mount Jerome (Protestant cemetery)
    National library (public library)
    Prospect Cemetery (largely Catholic cemetery)
    Richmond Lunatic Asylum (hospital for mental illness)
    Saint Mark’s (Protestant church)
    Star of the Sea (Catholic church)
    Westland Row (train station, post office)

Dublin people

    A.E. (George Russell)
    All or not at all (Oscar Wilde)
    Arbour Hill (Henry and John Sheares, died 1798)
    Bantam Lyons (Frederick Lyons?)
    Ben Dollard (Christopher Dollard)
    Blazes Boylan (Augustus Boylan)
    Bob Doran (fictional)
    Bob Reynolds (real)
    The buck
(Oliver St. John Gogarty)
    Buck Mulligan (Oliver St. John Gogarty)
    Cochrane (Joyce's reliance on Thom's Directory)
    Conolly Norman (real)
    Corny Kelleher (Simon Kerrigan)
    Cousins (James H. Cousins and Margaret E. Cousins)
    Cranly's arm (John Francis Byrne)
    Curate (bartenders)
    Curran (Constantine Curran)
    Dan Boylan (James Daly?)
    Dan Dawson’s speech (Charles "Dan" Dawson)
    Daniel O'Connell (19th century)
    Dan Tallon (real)
    Davy Stephens (real)
    Different churches (firefighters)
    Dlugacz (Moses Dlugacz, actually lived in Trieste)
    Dominie Deasy (Francis Irwin)
    Drago's (Adolphe Drago and his widow)
    Dr. Horne (Sir Andrew Horne)
    Emily Sinico (surname derived from an Italian acquaintance)
    Father Conmee (John Conmee)
    Father Farley (Charles Farley)
    Fred Ryan (real)
    Garrett Deasy (Francis Irwin)
    Gretta Conroy (fictional)
    Haines (Richard Samuel Chevenix, 19th century linguist and archbishop)
    Hoppy Holohan (probably real)
    Hornblower (probably fictional)
    Huguenots (Dubedat surname)
    Jack Power (Tom Devin and John Power)
    Jakes M’Carthy (John "Jacques" M'Carthy)

    James Carey (19th century militant activist)
    J. C. Doyle (John C. Doyle)

    John Wyse Nolan's wife (Jennie Power)
    Kevin Egan (Joseph Casey, living in Paris)
    Koehler (Thomas Keohler)
    Leopold Bloom (John Francis Byrne, Alfred Hunter, Albert Altman)
    Lofty cone (Daniel O'Connell)
    London via long sea (Alfred William Egan)
    Lord Iveagh and Lord Ardilaun (Guinness brothers)
    McCann (Francis Skeffington)
    M’Coy (Charles Chance)
    Martin Cunningham (Matthew Kane)
    Martin Murphy (William Martin Murphy)
    Maud Gonne (real)
    Moore (George Moore)
    Mrs Fleming (Mary Fleming)
    Mrs MacKernan (Elizabeth McKernan)
    Nannetti (Joseph Patrick Nannetti)
    Old Mrs Riordan (Elizabeth Hearn Conway)
    Old Mrs Thornton (Mary Thornton)
    Old Professor Goodwin (real, died 1892)
    Old Troy of the DMP (Denis Troy)
    Prescott's dyeworks (William Prescott)
    Pugnose (anonymous tram-driver)
    Quaker librarian (Thomas Lyster)
    Reuben J. Dodd (real)
    Sir Frederick Falconer (real)
    Sizeable (policemen)
    Tay Pay (Thomas Power O'Connor)
    Timekeeper (Richard Delany)
    Tom Kernan (R. J. Thornton)
    Woods (Patrick and Rosanna Woods)
    You saved men (Oliver St. John Gogarty)

Dublin streets

   Adam Court (short blind lane off Grafton Street)
    Amiens Street (Stephen and Bloom's route from Monto to the cabman's shelter)
    Arbour Hill (northwest inner-city area associated with British rule and rebellion)
    Archway (common architectural feature of the Georgian era)
    Ashtown (northwest suburb)
    Aungier Street (southern inner-city street where Bloom bought a window blind)
    Berkeley Street (street full of cattle)
    Bride Street (blighted street in the Liberties)
    Butt Bridge (rotating bridge near the Custom House)
    Capel Street library (central street running north from the Liffey)
    College Green (plaza at intersection of Grafton, Dame, Westmoreland, and College Streets)
    Conversion (Molesworth Street, between Dawson and Kildare)
    The Coombe (area in the Liberties)
    Denzille Street (southeastern street associated with Fenian activity)
    Dolphin’s Barn (far southwestern part of inner city where the Blooms met)
    Donnybrook (southeastern suburb, a little beyond the Grand Canal)
    Dorset Street (north-side, site of Bloom’s walk to purchase a kidney)
    Dunphy’s corner (north-side, site of a sharp right turn on the way to the cemetery)
    Esprit de corps (Eustace Street, near Temple Bar in the center of town)
    Flat Dublin voices (the Liberties)
    Four Courts (Richmond Bridge, Winetavern Street, Chancery Lane, Inns' Quay)
    General Post Office (Sackville Street, Henry Street, Prince's Street)
    Huguenots (cemetery near St. Stephen's Green)
    Irishtown (poor east-side suburb near the bay, between Ringsend and Sandymount)
    James’s Gate (Kernan’s route from the western edge of Dublin to the river)
    Joe Chamberlain (course followed by people protesting Chamberlain's visit)
    Kingsbridge station (King's Bridge in the western part of town)
    Leahy’s Terrace (street in Sandymount ending in steps down to the beach)
    Leeson Park (street in southern suburbs, just beyond the Grand Canal)
    The Liberties (large district in southwest inner city)
    Lime Street (south of the Liffey, where Bloom contemplates two poor children)
    Loopline Bridge (elevated railway tracks from Westland Row station to Amiens station)
    Mantrap (spot on Purdon Street)
    Moore (Ely Place, east of St. Stephen's Green)
    Moore Street (central street north of the Liffey known for large street markets)
    Nelson’s Pillar (central location, tram hub)
    Newbridge Avenue (street in Sandymount where funeral procession starts)
    Nighttown (Monto, the red-light district of Dublin in the northeast inner city)
    O’Connell Street (grand central boulevard north of the Liffey)
    O'Neill's (North Strand Road on the northeastern edge of the city)
    Pigeonhouse (the South Wall breakwater at the mouth of the Liffey)
    Pleasant old times (streets in southern part of inner city where the Blooms lived early on)
    Rathmines (southern suburb, a little beyond the Grand Canal)
    Ringsend (poor east-side suburb near the bay, between Irishtown and the Liffey)
    Rogerson’s Quay (southern quay where Bloom is first seen on way to Westland Row)
    Serpentine Avenue (street in Sandymount, on Dublin’s southeastern edge)
    Seven Eccles Street (the Blooms’ home on the northern edge of inner city)
    Sewage (construction of sewer drains leading to treatment plant in Ringsend)
    Terenure (southwestern suburb a little beyond the Grand Canal)
    Threemaster (the South Wall, a long stone breakwater projecting into the bay)
    To Artane (Conmee’s route from Mountjoy Square to Artane)
    To the right (Bloom’s circular route to and from Westland Row)
    Townsend Street (on Bloom’s way from Lime Street to Westland Row)
    Up the quay (Ormond Quay Upper)
    Vico Road (coastal road between Dalkey and Killiney)
    Westland Row (site of tea shop, post office, hotel, train station, church, and pharmacy)
    What way (route of the funeral procession)
    Yeates and Son (Nassau Street, Grafton Street, and College Green)

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Easter Rising

    Arbour Hill (executions)
    Daughters of memory (destruction of central Dublin)
    General Post Office (destruction of central Dublin)
    John Wyse Nolan's wife (signing of the Proclamation of independence)
    Tomkin-Maxwell ffrenchmullan Tomlinson (executions)
    Toppling masonry (destruction of central Dublin)

Eliot, T. S.

    Weave the wind (Gerontion)

Emmet, Robert
    Done (last words)

    Tomkin-Maxwell ffrenchmullan Tomlinson (execution)


    Flying Dutchmen (echo of Wagner opera in Richard Hand's death wish)
    Gretta Conroy (anxiety about spousal infidelity)


Ferguson, Samuel

    Saint Patrick (The Burial of King Cormac)

Fichte, Johann

    Chrysostomos (the I and the not-I)
    Trivial (early formulation of chaos theory)

Finnegans Wake

    Barnacle goose (sleeping corpse)
    Bronze by gold (John Cage's Roaratorio)
    Dublin Corporation (allusions to Dublin mayors and city government)
    Flying Dutchmen (borrowing from Wagner in story of the Norwegian captain)
    Furious dean (Jonathan Swift and his two women)
    Hades (life in death)

    The lamb and the cat and the dog (polysyndeton)
    Like snuff at a wake (the ballad)
    A little man (Egyptian Book of the Dead)

    Little pills (eternal present of the past)
    M'Carthy took the floor (fighting Irishmen)
    'Mid mossy banks (metaplasm)
    Morrice (Joyce's reply to hearing the book called "trivial")
    Mother Slipperslapper (fear that corpse might wake up)
    Naggin (mentioned in the song of the title)
    Norwegian captain (20 pp. version of the story in 2.3)
    One great goal (Viconian historiography)
    Pigeonhouse (terrible prongs at the end of the book)
    Pubs (Mullingar House in Chapelizod)

    Querulous brogue (Irish speech)
    The sacred pint (Adam and Eve's tavern and church)

    Saint Patrick (Patrick and the archdruid, sevenhued rainbow)
    Sinbad the Sailor (half-dreaming anticipations of the late book)
    Sing a song of sixpence (children's stories and adult concerns)
    Soul of the world (references to Giordano Bruno)
    Speak Irish (revenge on the English language)
    Stranger (protagonist as outsider)
    Vico Road (Viconian historiography)
    Wicklow Mountains (Saint Kevin)
    Writing on the wall (mene mene tekel upharsin)
    Yes I will Yes (similarities of endings of Ulysses and Finnegans Wake)

Food and drink

   A cenar teco (aristocratic feasting)
    Ashtown (cool well water)
    Cantrell and Cochrane’s (ginger ale soft drink)
    Chaussons (pastries, beer, cheese sauce)
    Citrons (lemon-like fruit)
    Dan Dawson’s speech (bread) 
    Dorset Street (various food shops)
    Epps’s cocoa (water-soluble cocoa)
    Findlaters (spirits and groceries)
    Hokypoky (ice creams)
    Kidneys were in his mind (meat)
    Lime Street (offal)
    Lithia water (bottled mineral water)
    Man in the macintosh (Bovril beef broth)
    Mity cheese (cheese with mites)
    Old man (surplus beer)
    Plumtree’s Potted Meat (meat flakes)
    Red Bank oysters (County Clare oysters)
    Sherbet (cold flavored waters)

Freud, Sigmund

    Potato (Oedipal desires)
    Sing a song of sixpence (Character and Anal Eroticism)
    Who's getting it up? (return of the repressed)

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Gabler edition of Ulysses

    Blackpitts (addition of detail about Stephen’s uncle and aunt)
    Boustrophedonic cryptogram (transposition of two letters)
    Card behind the headband (addition of detail about Bloom replacing card in hat)
    Catalectic (division of one word into two)
    Conolly Norman (addition of one letter in a name)
    Cranly's arm (reversed repetition of two sentences from an earlier chapter)
    Cricket (change of one letter in a name)
    Croppy Boy (elimination of one letter in a word)
    Gorse (insertion of one letter into a word)
    Great eyes (substitution of one word for another)
    Griped (
elimination of one letter in a word)
    Hanched (change of one letter in a word)
    Localities in Ireland (addition of detail to Bloom’s bookshelf)
    Love’s Old Sweet Song (movement of two letters from one word to another)
    Mity cheese (removal of two letters from one word)
    Nother (substitution of one letter for another in a word)
    Nymph (insertion of one word, and change of capital letter to lower-case)
    Pain of love (addition of sentence from Aquinas)
    Picking chips (changed spelling of a word)
    Pleasant old times (substitution of one letter for another in a name)
    Richmond Lunatic Asylum (addition of one letter to a name)
    Right. Right. (substitution of one word for another)
    Sir James W. Mackey (substitution of plural nouns for singulars, punctuation changes)
    Vampire (addition of period between two words)

Games and sports

    Battling bodies (hockey as a substitute for war)
    Bob Reynolds (cyclist)
    Brass quoits (horseshoes-like pub game with sexual suggestiveness)
    Buck Mulligan (Gogarty's proficiency in swimming,
soccer, cycling, and cricket)
    Cricket (game played at Trinity's College Park)
    Cunnythumb (children's games of hopscotch and marbles in the streets)
    Even money (betting on horse races)
    Hockey (English hockey and Irish hurling)
    Jakes M’Carthy (reporting on rugby matches)
    Kildare Street Club (cricket, billiards, cards)
    Like a cod in a pot (bicycle races)
    Sandow’s exercises (Bloom's body-building regimen)
    Vanished horses (celebrated horses from the racetrack)


Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

    Will of the wisp (Faust)
    Quaker librarian (biography, Wilhelm Meister)

Gogarty, Oliver St. John

    Bob Reynolds (bicycle racing)
    Buck Mulligan (biography)
    Chamber music (visit to a woman with Joyce)
    Epiphanies (As I Was Going Down Sackville Street)
    Fortune's knave (worldly success)
    Haines (Oxford friend Richard Samuel Chevenix Trench)
    Joking Jesus (The Song of the Cheerful (but slightly sarcastic) Jesus)
    Moore (companionship with the novelist)
    Saint Patrick (
I Follow Saint Patrick)
    Snotgreen (Irish Literary Revival)
Synge (As I Was Going Down Sackville Street)
    Quaker librarian (As I Was Going Down Sackville Street)
    You saved men (swimming exploits)

Gray, Thomas

    Country churchyard (Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard)

Greek gods

Calypso (Athena, Zeus, and Hermes)

    Malachi (Mercury, Roman equivalent of Hermes)
    Maybe a messenger (Athena as milkwoman)
    Smoke of tea (Hermes visits Calypso in Odyssey 5)

    Two strong shrill whistles (eagles sent down by Zeus)
Gregory, Lady Augusta

    One thinks of Homer ( Cuchulain of Muirthemne)

Griffith, Arthur

Arthur Griffith (biography)
    Sjambok (attack on newspaperman Ramsey Colles)

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Hardy, Thomas

    Squashed snail (The Dynasts)

Harte, Bret

    Heathen Chinee (The Heathen Chinee)

Head, Richard

    Strolling mort (The Canting Academy)

Hegel, G. W. F.

Master of others (master-slave dialectic)
Herzl, Theodor

    New Jerusalem (The Jewish State)


    Daughters of memory (empiricism as captive of status quo)
    History is a nightmare (despairing view)
    History is to blame (historical guilt)
    Infinite possibilities (potentiality and actuality)
    One great goal (linear historiography)
    Vico road
(circular historiography)

A donkey brayed (grieving horses in Iliad 17)
    Aeolus (god of the winds in Odyssey 10)
    Aq. Dist. Fol. Laur. Virid Te (land of the lotus in Odyssey 9)
    Athos (Odysseus' old dog in Odyssey 17)
    Bright one, light one (sun god's cattle in Odyssey 12)    
    Bronze by gold (precious metals in Odyssey 4 and 7)
    Bullockbefriending (sun god's cattle in Odyssey 12)   
    Calypso (enslavement on Ogygia in Odyssey 5)
    Epi oinopa ponton (frequently used epithet for the sea)
    Eumaeus (Odyssey 13-16)
    Great eyes (epithet for Athena)
    Hades (trip to the underworld in Odyssey 10-11)
    I am off (Telemachus leaving Ithaca in Odyssey 2)
    I know the voice (Nestor on voice of Telemachus in Odyssey 3)
    Into my eye (blinding of the Cyclops in Odyssey 9)
    Introibo (mock-epic invocation of the Muse)
    Isle of dreadful thirst (starvation on Pharos in Odyssey 4)
    Lestrygonians (encounter with giant cannibals in Odyssey 10)
    Lotus Eaters (effects of the lotus plant in Odyssey 9)
    Loud lone crack (thunderclap in Odyssey 21)
    Maybe a messenger (interventions of Athena in Odyssey 1 and 2)
    Moody brooding (Odyssey 1)
    Nestor (advice of Nestor in Odyssey 3)
    No, mother (
maturation of Telemachus in Odyssey 1)
    One thinks of Homer (sly reference to Ulysses)
    Orangekeyed (compound words)
    Potato (protective moly in Odyssey 10)
    Proteus (wrestling with god of the seals in Odyssey 4)
    Same wisdom (respectful interrogation of Nestor in Odyssey 2-3)
    Schemas (Homeric correspondences, deepening engagement with the Odyssey)
    Seadeath (prediction of hero's death in Odyssey 11, epithet for Proteus)
    Silent ship (Odysseus' return to Ithaca in Odyssey 13)    
    Slimmer (comparison of Calypso and Penelope in Odyssey 5)
    Smoke of tea (Calypso's cave in Odyssey 5)
A ghost by absence (Scylla and Charybdis)
    Telemachus (Telemachus' dilemma in Odyssey 1)
    Two strong shrill whistles (eagles in
Odyssey 2)    
    Usurper (Antinous in Odyssey 1 and 2)


Holles street hospital (maternity hospital)
    Man in the macintosh (patient in the Richmond Lunatic Asylum)
    Mater hospital (Mater Misericordiae, hospital with hospice unit)
    Richmond Lunatic Asylum (psychiatric hospital)

Household furnishings

    Aungier Street (window blinds)
    Bogoak (anaerobically preserved wood)
    Brass quoits (Victorian brass bed)
    Chippendale chair (rococo style furniture)
    Clery's summer sales (toast rack)
    Crape (funereal door hangings)
    Collard grand (pianos)
    Cuckstool (toilet seat)
    Dame's school (mignonette lace)
    Footleaf (front door attachment)
    Gramophone (record player)
    He was a jew (mezuzah)
    Loud lone crack (wooden table)
    Potato (mezuzah)
    Sacred Heart (religious icons)
    Seven Eccles Street (front door)
    Sideboard (dining room furniture)
    Spindle (spinning wheels)
    Tower livingroom (hammock, ladder)
    Trivial in itself (coal fires)
    Twelve apostles (silver spoons)   
    Where is my hat? (hallstand)

Hyde, Douglas

     Douglas Hyde (Love Songs of Connaught)
     Snotgreen (Irish Literary Revival)

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Ibsen, Henrik

    All or not at all (Brand)

Illness and medicine, see also Hospitals

Aconite (analgesic)
    Alchemists (elixir of life)
    Anastomosis (connections between tubular structures)
    Aq. Dist. Fol. Laur. Te Virid (pharmaceutical ingredients)
    Bachache pills (kidney disease, alcoholism)
    Bad gas (miasma theory of disease)
    Balm of Gilead (quack remedy)
    Barney Kiernan’s (hospitalized for alcoholism)
    Benedictine and Chartreuse (elixir of life)
    Bowl of bitter waters (vomiting)
    Dr. Horne (obstetric physician)
    Dustbuckets (diarrhea)
    Flyblown faces (smallpox)
    Foot and mouth disease (viral infection)
    Foundation stone (Parnell's loss of health)
    Hokypoky (bacteria in ice cream)
    Holles Street hospital (National Maternity Hospital)
    Hoopsa boyaboy (midwife’s cry)
    Kish lightship (nausea)

    Man in the macintosh
(mental illness)
    Old Mrs Thornton (midwife)
    Only one skin (hemophilia)
    Paddy Dignam (alcoholism, heart attack)
    Paresis (tertiary syphilis)
    Piles (hermorrhoids)
    Saint Vitus’ dance (neurological disorder)
    Seaside girls (nausea)
    Serum and virus (bacterial and viral immunology)
    Sewage (waterborne illnesses)
    She knew at once (congenital cardiac defect)
    Sir John Gray (waterborne illnesses)
    Sir Peter Teazle (dementia)
    Sir Philip Crampton (surgeon)
    Smallpox (viral infection, vaccination)
    Sweny’s (pharmacy)
    Swung lourdily (midwife)
    U.P.: Up (terminal illness)
    Venereal disease (spread by prostitution)
    Whooping cough (childhood diseases, including measles and scarlet fever)

Imitative styles

Before born (The Wanderer, Ælfric's Homilies)
    The best historians (Latinate or early Irish prose)
    The castle was opened (Mandeville's Travels)
    Deshil Holles Eamus (Latinate chant)
    Everyman (Everyman, Middle English sermons)
    Trivial in itself (Dickens' David Copperfield, Great Expectations, and Bleak House)
    Very little perceptive (Latinate prose)

Ingram, John Kells

    Dark and evil days (The Memory of the Dead)

Irish history before the Normans

    All kings’ sons (ancient Irish tribal families)
    Brian Boroimhe House (11th century victory over the Vikings)
    College Green (originally Hoggen Green)
    Columbanus (6th, 7th, 9th, and 13th century Irish monks)
    Dalcassians (10th and 11th century Munster kings)
    Druids (ancient Irish cultural and spiritual authorities)   
    Famine, plague, slaughters (disasters through the ages)
    Isle of saints (monastic scholarship, 9th, 10th, and 12th century invasions)
    Lochlanns (8th and 9th century Viking invaders)
    Saint Patrick (5th century Christian missionary, 3rd century Irish king Cormac, Oisin)
    Tap with it (ancient bards)

Irish history from the Normans to the Union

    Buck (young 18th century adventurers)
    Corpses of papishes (late 18th century harassment of Catholic peasants)
    Crazy queen (personification of nationalist Ireland)
    Croppies lie down (late 18th century song taunting defeated revolutionaries)
    Different churches (nationalist resistance in 12th, 18th, and 20th centuries)
    Do his duty (Lord Nelson’s call to battle at Trafalgar)
    Dublin Castle (English rule from the early 13th century to the early 20th)
    Fitzgeralds (15th and 16th century Anglo-Irish nobles)
    French were on the sea (late 18th century French military assistance to Ireland)
    Green stone (pope's awarding of Ireland to England)
    Haines’s chapbook (Irish writers entertaining English audiences)
    Huguenots (emigration of French Protestants in 17th century)
    Immortal memory (1690 Battle of the Boyne)
    The Irish church (16th century state conversion to Protestantism)
    Lost Armada (late 16th century Spanish Armada)
    Malahide (the Talbot family from the 12th to the 20th century)
    Master Goff (Napper Tandy, hero of the 1798 rebellion)
    Planters’ covenant (16th and 17th century enrichment of Protestant landowners)
    Prelates (political positions of Irish Catholic priests and bishops)
    Pretenders (14th, 15th, and 16th century Irish claimants to political power)
    Seas’ ruler (British naval domination)
    Shan Van Vocht (late 18th century revolution and late 19th century journalism)
    Sir John Blackwood (late 18th century resistance to the Act of Union)
    Stuart coins (late 17th century debasement of Irish currency)
    Trinity's surly front (sectarian divisions in 18th century)
    Twenty millions of Irish (British depopulation of Ireland and ruination of its industries)
    Two masters (imperial British state and Roman Catholic church)
    Wicklowmen (18th and 19th century rebellions)
    Wild goose (17th and 18th century expatriation of Catholic nobles)
    Wild Irish (15th and 16th century term for native Irish)
    Woman brought sin (12th and 19th century grist for the misogynist mill)
    Union (abolition of the Irish Parliament in Dublin)

Irish history post-Union

    Arbour Hill (execution of men involved in the 1798 Rebellion and Easter 1916 Rising)
    Arthur Griffith (advanced nationalist, elected first President of the Free State)
    Bar MacMahon (19th century wild goose soldier who became President of France)  
    Barracks (British imperial domination enforced by troops)
    Black and blue (rallying colors of Ulster Protestants) 
    Cloacal obsession (19th century Liberal governments)
    Conversion (Gladstone, Protestant proselytizing during the Famine)
    The Croppy Boy (mid 19th century song about 1798 Rebellion)
    Daniel O’Connell (19th century parliamentary leader)
    Dark and evil days (mid 19th century poem about l1798 Rebellion)
    Daughters of memory (Easter 1916 Rising)
    Denzille street (Phoenix Park murders in 1882)
    Done (Robert Emmet's last words before his execution in 1803)
    Famine (mid 19th century agricultural disaster)
    Father Mathew (19th century temperance reformer)
    Fenians (mid 19th century revolutionaries)
    Flyblown faces (Fenian revolutionaries)
    General Bobrikoff (1904 assassination of Russian governor, 1882 Phoenix Park murders)
    General Post Office (destruction in the Easter Rising)
    History is to blame (19th century Liberal governments)
    Huge key (Home Rule movement)
    Into the army (Irishmen fighting in the British army)
    James Carey (1882 Phoenix Park murders)
    Joe Chamberlain (English architect of the Second Boer War)
    John Wyse Nolan's wife (Proclamation of independence)
    Kevin Egan (Fenian revolutionary)
    King Edward (monarch on the throne in 1904)
    Meade’s timberyard (19th century Fenian plots)
    Martello towers (early 19th century result of the Napoleonic Wars)
    Orange lodges (Protestant fraternal organizations in Ulster)
    Pluterperfect imperturbability (19th century and contemporary trade policies)
    Potato (famine of 1840s)
    The Russians (Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5)
    Sourapple tree (American Civil War and Fenian movement, Joe Chamberlain protests)
    Tomkin-Maxwell frenchmullan (executions after the 1916 Rising)
    Toppling masonry (Clerkenwell bombing and Easter Rising)
    Tory (British Conservative parliamentarians and their Irish Unionist allies) 
    Trinity's surly front (sectarian divisions and Home Rule struggle)
    Ulster will fight (late 19th century rallying cry of Ulster Protestants)
    William Smith O’Brien (pre-Fenian revolutionary)

Irish language, customs, and culture

    Balor (king of the Fomorians)
    Bank holiday (national holidays)
    Bowsy (Hiberno-English expressions)

    A caution to rattlesnakes (Hiberno-English expressions)

    Crazy queen (personification of Ireland)
    Donnybrook (brawls)
    Drouth (Hiberno-English usage)
    Druids (ancient high priests)
    Dundrum press (folk traditions, including Fomorian fishgods)
    Fair day (cattle drives to market towns)
    Flat Dublin voices (Hiberno-English pronunciation)
    Foostering (Hiberno-English expressions)
    Freemasons (Catholic suspicions of Masonic order)
    God is good (folk saying)
    Haines (learning Irish)
    He met Butterly (irreverent humor)
    Janey Mack (Hiberno-English expressions)
    Like snuff at a wake (traditional wakes)
    Man in the macintosh (superstition about number thirteen)
    Mananaan MacLir (Manx sea-god)
    Matcham's Masterstroke (saying about couples)
    Moore (Irish Literary Revival)
    Nuncle (regional variation?)
    Pishogue (Irish words and phrases)
    Potato (peasant panacea)
    Querulous brogue (Irish and Hiberno-English expressions)
    The Russians (Hiberno-English expression)
    Sacred Heart (popular devotional practice)
    Shan Van Vocht (mythical
personification of Ireland)
    Slainte (Irish and Hiberno-English words)
    Slieve (Irish word for mountain)
    Snotgreen (Irish Literary Revival)
    Soft day (common Irish expression)
    Speak Irish (revival of the language, Gaeltacht)
    Stranger (Irish names for the English)
    Tilly (Hiberno-English word)
    Time enough (slowness of life in the countryside)
    The Yeats touch (
Irish Literary Revival)

Irish places

  Bray (coastal town south of Dublin)
    Bullock harbour (small harbor between Sandycove and Dalkey)
    Clongowes (school in County Kildare)
    County Leitrim (small rural county in the northwest)
    Donnybrook (suburb of Dublin, site of the famous fair)
    Dublin Bay (terminus of the River Liffey)
    Erin's King (Kish lightship and Ireland's Eye)
    Fortyfoot hole (Sandycove swimming spot)
    Giddy to look (viewing platform atop Nelson’s Pillar)
    Greystones (fishing village and seaside resort)
    Gulfstream (ocean currents)
    Joggerfry (western islands in County Mayo and County Galway)
    Kingstown Harbour (huge concrete jetties at Dun Laoghaire)
    Kish lightship (sandbar in Dublin Bay)
    Localities in Ireland (various ones in the west, southwest, east, and northeast)
    Lough Owel (lake in County Westmeath)
    Malahide (coastal town north of Dublin with an ancestral castle)
    Man in the macintosh (Ennis in County Clare)
    Midland bogs (raised peat bogs in the Midlands and blanket bogs in the west)
    Mullingar (seat of County Westmeath and present home of Bloom’s daughter)
    Old Kilkenny (seat of County Kilkenny and site of famous cathedral and castle)
    Purgatory (St. Patrick's Purgatory in Lough Derg, County Donegal)
    Saint Mary’s Abbey (ruins of ancient abbey in Dublin)
    Saint Patrick (Croagh Patrick, Ballykinlar, Saint Patrick’s Purgatory)
    Sir Lout (Giant’s Causeway in County Antrim)
    Slieve (mountains in various counties)
    Tower (Martello tower at Sandycove)
    Vico Road (scenic residential road in Dalkey)
    Wicklow Mountains (mountains, glens, falls, reservoir)

Irving, Washington

    Rip van Winkle (Rip Van Winkle)

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Jews and Judaism, see also Antisemitism and Zionism

    Altar’s horns (ritual of ancient Judaism)
    Awfully good (Moses Goldin, dockworker)
    Balm of Gilead (Jewish doctor, Jews in Ireland)
    Citrons (element of the Sukkot ritual)
    Contransmagnific (Jews and Christ)
    Conversion (Rudolph Bloom's religious allegiances)
    Daniel O’Connell (Jews in Ireland)
    Dead Sea (fate of Jewish people)
    Dlugacz (Dublin Jews, Zionism)
    Drago's (Dublin Jews)
    Exodus (Seder service in Passover)
    He thought that he thought (racial differences of Bloom and Stephen)
    He was a jew (ambiguous criteria of Jewishness)
    Leah (Jewish melodramatic heroine)
    Leopold Bloom (Jews on which he was modeled)
    Passover (rituals of the Pesach holiday)
    Pleasant old times (Jewish quarter in south central Dublin)
    Potato (mezuzah amulet)
    Salt cloak (ancient people)
    Samaritan (Jews and Gentiles)

Johnson, Samuel   

    Knocking his sconce (Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson)   
    Never be a saint (Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets)

Jonson, Ben

    Cypherjugglers (Shakespeare authorship question)
    This side idolatry (Timber, or Discoveries and preface to the First Folio)

Joyce, James (artist's life in his fiction)

    Almidano Artifoni (modeled on several Italian acquaintances)
    Amor matris (repayment of his mother’s love)
    Black panther (nighttime incident in the Martello tower)
    Bray (childhood years at Martello Terrace)
    Chamber music (experience visiting a widow with Gogarty)
    Clongowes (site of early Jesuit education)
    Curran (help from a friend)
    Dog of my enemy (bitten by a dog as a child)
    Emily Sinico (named for a music teacher in Trieste)
    Haines (Oxford friend of Gogarty’s)
    Henry Blackwood Price (Irish man encountered in Trieste)
    Hoppy Holohan (letter to Nora mentions man who tried to seduce her)
    I'm not a hero (1905 letter rejecting idea of heroism)
    Irish Homestead (publication of two Dubliners stories)
    Kingsbridge Station (trip to Cork with father, Reuben J. Dodd)
    Latin quarter hat (fashion adopted in early Paris stay)
    Leopold Bloom (modeled on self, friends, and acquaintances)
    Library of Alexandria (instructions to send epiphanies to libraries)
    Matcham’s Masterstroke (sent story to a weekly paper as a joke)
    Mrs MacKernan (rented a room from her in 1904)
    Mullingar (trip with family members at age 18)
    My father’s voice (John Joyce and the Gouldings)
    Newspapers (writing for the papers, as Bloom recommends)
    Nother dying (telegram received from father while in Paris)
    Norwegian captain (story that John Joyce liked to tell)
    Pain of love (beginning of life with Nora)
    Plump shadowed face (hunger in Paris)

    The priest spells poverty (spendthrift habits inherited from father)

    Read them in the original (facility with languages)
    Repent! (behavior in response to his mother’s death)
    Reuben J Dodd (father's financial difficulties)
    Richie Goulding (mother’s brother and his wife Sara)
    Ringsend (first date with Nora)
    Salt bread (thinking of self as a writer-in-exile)
    Stephen Dedalus (autobiographical persona created in A Portrait)
    Titbits (submission of story to paper in high school years)
    Toothless (neglect of teeth pre-Nora)
    Unclean loins (escape from Catholic association of sex and sin)
    U.P.: Up (use of the expression in a 1928 letter)
    White button (love for Nora's arse)
    You are my darling (Protestant girl he knew in childhood)
    You have eaten all (self-pitying hunger in Paris)

Joyce, John Stanislaus (father)

    My father’s voice (contempt for the Gouldings)

    Nother dying (telegram to son in Paris)

    Reuben J Dodd (borrowing money)
    Simon Dedalus (large presence in novel)

Joyce, May Murray (mother)
    Amor matris (importance of mother-child bond)
(vestige of life before raising family)
    Featherfans (vestige of life before raising family)
    Ghoul (guilt over death)
    Plump shadowed face (sending son money for food)
    Repent! (guilt over death)
    Squashed lice (picking lice from children's hair)
    Wax and rosewood (dream of corpse)

Joyce, Nora Barnacle (spouse)

    Hoppy Holohan (attempted seduction)

    Horsey women (sexual vigor)
    Pain of love (beginning of life with Joyce)

    Ringsend (first date with Joyce)
    Toothless (influence on Joyce's personal care)

    White button (love for her arse)

Joyce, Stanislaus (brother)

    Matcham's Masterstroke (My Brother's Keeper)
    Old Mrs Riordan
(My Brother's Keeper)
    Philip Beaufoy
(My Brother's Keeper)

Jung, Carl

    Loud lone crack (Memories, Dreams, Reflections)


Keegan, John

    Caoc O’Leary (Caoch the Piper)

Kipling, Rudyard

    Absentminded beggar (poem set to music by Sir Arthur Sullivan)
    Whiteeyed kaffir (Columns)

Kock, Paul de

    Nice name (non-pornographic novels)



A cenar teco (Italian)
    Agenbite of inwit (Middle English)
    All'erta! (Italian)
    Amor matris (Latin)
    Aristotle (ancient Greek)
    Basta! (Italian)
    Chaussons (French, Swedish)
    Chrysostomos (ancient Greek)
    Descende, calve (Latin)
    Dominie Deasy (Scots)
    Ecce homo (Latin)
    Epi oinopa ponton (ancient Greek)
    Esprit de corps (French)
    Et vidit Deus (Latin)
    Filibegs (Scots)
    Foostering (Irish)
    Frauenzimmer (German)
    Houri (Persian, Arabic)
    Ingemiscit (Latin)
    Introibo (Latin)
    Joggerfry (Irish)
    Là ci darem la mano (Italian)
    Liliata rutilantium (Latin)
    London via long sea (Latin)
    Los demiurgos (ancient Greek)
    Nacheinander (German)
    Omphalos (ancient Greek)
    Paysayenn (French)
    Pishogue (Irish)
    Prix de Paris (French)
    Quel petit pied! (French)
    Read them in the original (ancient Greek)  
    Requiscat (Latin)
    Saint Vitus' dance (ancient Greek)
    Shan Van Vocht (Irish)
    Sherbet (Arabic, Persian, and Turkish)
    Slainte! (Irish)
    Slieve (Irish)
    Speak Irish (Irish)
    Stabat Mater (Latin)
    Thalatta! (ancient Greek)
    Übermensch (German)

Lessing, Gotthold

    Nacheinander (Laocoon)

Locke, John

    Ideas and sensations (An Essay Concerning Human Understanding)


Mahaffy, J. P.

    Trinity's surly front (remark about Joyce)

Mallarmé, Stéphane

    Pan’s hour (The Afternoon of a Faun)

Mangan, James Clarence

    Contransmagnific (19th century versions of the word)
    Man in the macintosh (candidate for secret identity)
    Nameless One (The Nameless One)

Marlowe, Christopher

    Barabbas (The Jew of Malta)

Marr, Wilhelm

    German jews (foundational work of antisemitism)

Marryat, Frederick

    Down, sir! (Masterman Ready)
    Japhet (Japhet, in Search of a Father)

Marx, Karl

    An ounce of opium (Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right)

    Daily Express (hatred of the paper)


    Isosceles triangle
    Parallel courses (geometry)

Mayhew, Henry

    Submerged tenth (London Labour and the London Poor)


    Akasic records (Theosophical doctrine of a mystical universal memory)
    Aristotle (Aristotelian materialism and spiritualism)
    Averroes and Maimonides (reconciling Aristotelian philosophy with religious truth)
    Candescent (Aristotle's comparison of the immortal "active intellect" to light)
    Coloured signs (Berkeley's idealistic response to Cartesian and Lockean empiricism)
    Cousins (two Dublin Theosophists)
    Cypherjugglers (Rosicrucianism and Freemasonry)
    Darkness (Nietzschean transvaluation of Christianity, mystical cosmologies)
    Daughters of memory (apocalyptic truth)
    Dogsbody (life moving toward death, decomposition, and reconstitution)
    Freemasons (the Masonic order)
    Hyperborean (Nietzschean freedom from contemporary morality)
    Ideas and sensations (18th century empiricism of John Locke and David Hartley)
    Ineluctable (Aristotelian empiricism and Cartesian skepticism)
    Infinite possibilities (potentiality and actuality in Aristotle's Metaphysics)
    Los Demiurgos (creator of the visible world)
    Loud lone crack (divine presence manifested in sharp sound)
    The man in the macintosh (belief in ghosts)
    Master of others (Hegel's idea of overcoming the master-slave binary)
    Nothing in black and white (ritual oath of Freemasons)
    O, harp Eolian! (Romantic pantheism)
    One great goal (linear teleological history versus circular unchanging history)
    Pico della Mirandola (Pico's syncretic theology and Hindu idea of the Great Year)
    Plato's world of ideas (Theosophy and Platonism)
    Shout in the street (divine presence manifested in sharp sound)
    Signatures (Jakob Böhme's mystical and magical treatise)
    Soul of the world (Bruno's Neoplatonic idea of a spiritually interconnected cosmos)  
    Sunphone (telepathic communication)
    Throb (Schopenhauer's philosophy of Will)
    Trivial in itself (the universally transformative effects of ordinary events)
    Übermensch (Nietzschean overcoming of Christian ethics and metaphysics)
    Vibration (telepathic evangelism)
    Vico Road (Vico's idea of transforming the world in one's own image)
    Yes I will Yes (Nietzsche's idea of eternal recurrence)

Milton, John

    Be as gods (Paradise Lost, book 9)
    Matcham’s Masterstroke (Paradise Lost, book 4)

Money and economics

    Awfully good (working class and professional class)
    Bantam Lyons (racetrack betting)
    Blackpitts (blighted streets)
    Bride Street (blighted street in the Liberties)
    Capel Street library (guarding against loss of books)
    Clery's summer sales (annual department store sales)
    Cochrane (records of tenements)
    Coign of vantage (bill collectors)
    Conversion (exploiting poverty for religious proselytizing)

    The Coombe (impoverished part of the Liberties)

    Coronation Day (play on coins called sovereigns)
    Cousins (Stephen's debts)
    Curran (Stephen's debts)
    Dosshouse (cheap room rentals)
    Even money (racetrack betting)
    Fred Ryan
(Stephen's debts)
    Gold Cup (racetrack betting)
    He made money (Shakespeare as capitalist entrepreneur)
    Horsey women (Anglo-Irish landed gentry)
    Increase and multiply (enforced reproduction)
    Kidneys of wheat (anti-clericalism)
    Kildare Street Club (club for the rich)
    Kinch (borrowing money)

    The Liberties (impoverished district)

    Lime Street (tenement children)
    L.s.d. (currency units, slang names for coins and bills)
    Lynam's (racetrack betting)
    McCann (Stephen's debts)
    Money (riches to rags)
    Mrs MacKernan
(Stephen's debts)
(Stephen's debts)
    Number eighty (urban blight)
    Owe nothing (Stephen’s debts)

    Pluterperfect imperturbability (threat to cattle trade)
    The priest spells poverty (Catholicism versus Protestantism)

    Scottish Widows (life insurance)
    Shelbourne Hotel (hotel for the rich)
    Short knock (crafty buying and selling)
    Slumming (slum tourism)
    Squashed lice (affliction of poor children)
    Stuart coins (
late 17th century debasement of Irish currency)
    The submerged tenth (urban underclasses)
    Tom Kernan (dodging debts to a grocer)
    Twelve apostles (Deasy's privileged upbringing)

    Union (historical cause of poverty)

    White button (Freud on feces and money)
    Yeates and Son (German international trade)

Montaigne, Michel de

They understand what we say (Apology for Raymond Sebond)

Moore, George
    British or Brixton (essay)
    Kildare Street Club (Parnell and His Island)
    Moore (biography)
    Paradise and the Peri
    Shelbourne Hotel
(Parnell and His Island)
    Snotgreen (Irish Literary Revival)

Moore, Thomas

    Aungier Street (birthplace)
    Collar of gold (Let Erin Remember the Days of Old)
    Green gem of the silver sea (Remember Thee and Let Erin Remember the Days of Old)

More, Sir Thomas

    Utopia (Utopia)

Mosenthal, Salomon

    Leah (Deborah)

Musical performance

    Antient concert rooms (performances by the Joyces)
    Ben Dollard (bass rendition of The Croppy Boy)
    Blowing the bellows (church organs)
    Greystones (concert venue)
    J. C. Doyle (Irish baritone performing with Molly)
    Mass for Pope Marcellus (St. Teresa's church)
    Old Professor Goodwin (organist and keyboard accompanist)
    Stabat Mater (Molly in St. Xavier's church)   
    What kind of voice is it? (singing of castrati)     

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Narrative techniques

    Amiens Street (inept narration, approximation of Bloom's thoughts)
    At four, she said (lacunae)
    Bronze by gold (jocoseriousness)  
    Buck Mulligan (free indirect style)
    Buck, trippant (Stephen's thoughts)
    Calypso (temporal arrangement of narrative)
    Chrysostomos (interior monologue)    
    Dance of the hours (narrative sequence)
    Did I not take it up? (narrative lacunae) 
    Enoch Arden (epiphanic vignettes)
    Eumaeus (inept narration,
seemingly written by Bloom )
    Eyes of a toad (characters reacting to narration)
    Fancy bread (free indirect style)
    Greaseabloom (free indirect style)
    Great eyes (representation of eyes)
    Kidneys were in his mind (free indirect style)
    Lestrygonians (initial style)

    Mockery (jocoseriousness)

    Nameless One (first-person narration)
    Portals of discovery (narration reacting to character)
    Potato (earlier details making sense only much later)
    Ragging (epiphanic vignettes)
    Shuttered cottage (epiphanic vignettes)
    Sinkapace (unusual closeness to Stephen's thoughts)

    Swung lourdily (epiphanic vignettes)

(free indirect style)

Lord Horatio

Do his duty (battle of Trafalgar)
    Nelson's pillar (monument on Sackville Street)
    Onehandled adulterer (biography)

Newman, John Henry, Cardinal

Lead, kindly light (song written as a young man)
    Temple (founded University College Dublin)


    Absentminded beggar (second Boer War)
    Concentration camp (British innovation in Boer War)
    King Edward (Dirty Bertie becomes king)
    Concentration camp (second Boer War)
    General Bobrikoff (16 June 1904 assassination in Helsinki)
    General Slocum (15 June 1904 New York City disaster)
    Gold Cup (16 June 1904 horse race at Ascot Heath)
    Henry Flower (1900 Dublin murder)
    Icebergs (Titanic disaster)
    Into the army (second Boer War)
    Martha Clifford (1900 Dublin murder)
    Moore (1903 announcement of conversion to Protestantism)
    Royal Dublins (second Boer War)
    The Russians (Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5)
    Ship of the street (Titanic disaster)
    Sjambok (second Boer War)
    Ulysses Grant (1878 world tour)
    Unweeded garden (1898 Dublin murder)

Newspapers and journals

    Aeolus (section headings reminiscent of newspaper headlines)
    Awfully good (story in The Irish Worker)
    Child bit by a bellows (newsboy's fanciful headlines reported in newspaper article)
    Circulation (newspaper sales, printing presses)  
    Croppy Boy (ballad published inThe Nation)
    Daily Express (daily paper with strongly unionist slant)
Dan Dawson’s speech (recent speech printed in full in newspaper)
    Dark and evil days (poem published in The Nation)
    Davy Stephens (vendor)
    Edge of the paper (obituaries in the Freeman's Journal)
    Evening Mail
(small-circulation daily paper with strongly unionist slant)
    Evening Telegraph
(daily paper with moderately nationalist slant)
Found drowned (stock phrase in newspapers)
    Freeman’s Journal
(daily paper with moderately nationalist slant)
    German jews (Édouard Drumont's antisemitic newspaper)
    Homerule sun (Freemans Journal logo)
    Irish Homestead (weekly paper with agricultural slant)
    Irish Independent (medium-circulation daily paper hostile to labor unions)
    Irish Times (large-circulation daily paper with moderately unionist slant)
    Jakes M’Carthy (sports reporter)
    Kevin Egan (New York Herald typesetting)
    The man in the macintosh (creation of alternate realities)
    Margate strand (editorials against mixed bathing)  
    Maud Gonne (Lucien Millevoye, editor of La Patrie)
    Newsboys (poor children who sold newspapers)
    Newspapers (sixteen Irish papers and Italian Piccolo dela Sera)
    Sham squire (18th century publisher Francis Higgins)
    Shan Van Vocht (monthly journal)
    Tay Pay (Irish journalist)
    Titbits (magazine of lowbrow general culture with extracts from other papers)
    United Irishman (weekly paper with strongly nationalist slant)
    Vibration (Thomas Jefferson Shelton in 1890s and early 1900s)

Nietzsche, Friedrich

    Master of others (master-slave dialectic)
    Übermensch (glorification of non-Christian morality)
Yes I will yes (eternal recurrence)


O'Brien, William Smith

    William Smith O'Brien (history)

Opera, operetta, and oratorio

    A cenar teco (Mozart's opera Don Giovanni)
    All’erta! (Verdi's opera Il Trovatore)

    Ashplant (Wagner's operas Die Walküre and Die Götterdämmerung)

    Dance of the hours (Ponchielli's opera La Gioconda)

    Flying Dutchmen (Wagner's opera Der Fliegende Holländer)
    Là ci darem la mano (Mozart's opera Don Giovanni)

    Light behind her (Gilbert and Sullivan's operetta Trial by Jury)
    Martha (Flotow's opera Martha)

    Messiah (Händel oratorio)

    Repent! (Mozart's opera Don Giovanni)
    Respectable gondoliers (Gilbert and Sulllivan's operetta The Gondoliers)
    Sir Lout (Wagner's opera Das Rheingold

    The stream of life (William Wallace's opera Maritana)


    Averrroes and Maimonides (medieval Moorish and Jewish philosophy)
    Buddha their god (Burmese statue of reclining Buddha)
    Celestials (Chinese people)
    Dead Sea (Palestine as blighted land)
    The far east (fantasy of indolence in Ceylon)

    Ghoul (Arabian myth of corpse-chewers)

    Heathen Chinee (ace Chinese card-player)

    Houri (Persian and Arabic idea of beautiful women in Paradise)

    A little man (Egyptian soul-principles)

    Martha and Mary (moment of rest in
    Metempsychosis (Indian idea of reincarnation)
    Mohammed (Persian and Arabic stories of benevolence toward cats)
    Morrice (Moorish mathematics and dance)
    Parsee tower of silence (sky-burials in Persia and India)
    Same dream (Arab caliph Harun al-Rashid)
    Sherbet (Arabic, Persian, and Turkish drinks)
    Tinkers (called gypsies after Egypt, actually from northern India)
    Too salty (Polynesian cannibals)
    Track of the Sun (Arab souks and other Asian locales)
    Turkish baths (Turkish and Arabic public baths)

Owen, Orville Ward

    Cypherjugglers (Shakespeare authorship question)

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Paintings, drawings, etchings

  Cantrell and Cochrane's (engraving by Richard Hamilton)
    Ecce homo (canvases by Hungarian painter Miháli Munkácsy)

    Hellenise it (caricature of Matthew Arnold)

    Ikey Mo (Ally Sloper cartoon series)

Isosceles triangle (mathematics in Leonardo da Vinci's art)
    Leave it to my hands (engraving by Richard Hamilton)
    Leopold Bloom (Joyce's pencil sketch of his protagonist)
    Madeline the mare (watercolorist Madelaine Lemaire)

    Man in the macintosh (Dusty Rhodes cartoon series)

    Martha and Mary (paintings by the Old Masters)
    Mrs Marion (John Jones drawing of Bloom and Molly)
    Naked, in a womb (Frank Budgen drawing of Bloom in the bath)

    Nice name (caricature of Charles Paul de Kock in La Lune)

    Nymph (paintings of naked Greek female figures)
    Photo Bits (pornographic images)

    Pointsman (caricature in Punch)

    Proteus (Frank Budgen drawing of Stephen on the beach)
    Sacred Heart (Catholic icons and ancient Greek paintings)
    Vampire (drawing of winged man by W. T. Horton)

Paris and French letters

    Bar MacMahon (Paris bar)
    Chaussons (morning and noontime on Paris streets)
  Chrysostomos (Édouard Dujardin's extended soliloquy, Paul Bourget's interior monologue)
    Culotte Rouge (risqué magazines that Stephen has brought back from Paris)
    Flyblown faces (Kevin Egan's Montmartre)
    Gautier’s prose (Louis Veuillot's criticism of Théophile Gautier's romanticism)
    History is a nightmare (phrase in a letter by Jules Laforgue)

    Lap, lapin (Patrice Egan lapping warm milk in a Paris café)
    Licentious men (Félix Faure, bathhouses)
    Madeline the mare (painter and sculptor)
    Michelet (Jules Michelet on the education of women)

    Moore (painters and writers in Paris)
    My father’s a bird (blasphemous humor of Gabriel Jogand-Pages, aka Léo Taxil)

    Paris stock exchange (Jews in the temple of money)
    Paysayenn (Stephen's pretensions in Paris)
    Prix de Paris (annual horse race with huge purse)
    Punched tickets (Stephen attending theatrical performance)
    Saint Genevieve (library)
    Vampire (sex show)

Parnell, Charles Stewart

    Foundation stone (monument on O'Connell Street)
    Man in the macintosh (candidate for secret identity)
    Prelates (rejection by church after scandal)
    Prospect Cemetery (grave)
    Tory (Home Rule movement)

Pater, Walter

    Pico della Mirandola (Studies in the History of the Renaissance)

Patmore, Coventry

    Ministering angel (The Angel in the House)

Patriotic songs
    Absentminded beggar (song to raise funds for soldiers injured in Boer War)
    Boys of Kilkenny (traditional Irish song)   
Charley, you’re my darling (traditional Scottish folk tune, words by Carolina Oliphant)
Coronation Day
(anonymous 1902 English drinking song)
    Croppies lie down (anonymous northern Irish song ca. 1800)
    Graham Lemon's (God Save the King)
    Seas’ ruler (Rule, Britannia!, 1740 British song by Thomas Arne and James Thomson)
    Shan Van Vocht (anonymous Irish ballad from the late 1790s)
Sourapple tree (American marching song John Brown's Body)
    The Croppy Boy (1840s Irish ballad by William McBurney, aka Caroll Malone)

    Couldn’t sink (floating bodies)
    Parallax (rays crossing at focal point)
    Phantom ship (optical illusions)
    Weight (falling bodies)
    Whispering gallery (auditory illusion)
    Wonder is it true (radiant energy)


    Botanic Gardens (Bloom's self-association with mimosa, edelweiss, and potato)
    Cascara sagrada (ground tree bark used as laxative)

    Far east (lotus, cactus, lianas)
    Floating flower (lotus plants)
    Gorse (furze bushes)
    Heaventree (mythological trees)
    Language of flowers (using flowers to communicate romantic intentions)

Potato (preservative against plague and pestilence)
    Sir Walter Ralegh (tobacco and potatoes)
    Unweeded garden (garden weeds and marsh rushes)


    Los demiurgos (demiurge in Timaeus)
    Metempsychosis (reincarnation in various works)
    Plato's world of ideas (Ideas and criticism of art in Republic)
    Soul of the world (world soul inTiimaeus)

Plays and players

    Alice Ben Bolt (Trilby, performed at the Gaiety Theatre)
    Eugene Stratton (Negro impersonator)
    Flying Dutchmen (Tom Taylor stage play)

Gaiety Theatre (four famous performers)
    He was a woman (actresses playing male parts in Shakespeare)
    Leah (American version of German stage play, actresses who starred in it)
    Mananaan MacLir (play staged by the Irish National Theatre group)
    Martin Harvey (stage idol, star of The Only Way)
    Mistaken identity (play about wrongful conviction)
    Mummer (form of popular street theater)
    Music hall (venues for popular songs)
    Pantomime (popular low-brow stage acts)
    Punched tickets (English version of French stage play)

    Sinbad the Sailor (pantomime performed around Christmas)
    Synge (John Millington Synge’s dramatic work)
    Trapeze (circus performances)
    Turko the Terrible (pantomime performed around Christmas)
    Whiteeyed kaffir (G. H. Chirgwin’s minstrel act)

Poe, Edgar Allan
    Grandeur that was Rome (To Helen)

    Man in the macintosh (maxim of Auguste Dupin)

Policemen and soldiers

Absentminded beggar (soldiers in second Boer War)
    Amiens Street (C Division police station)
    Barracks (armed troops surrounding Dublin)
    Dublin Castle (center for RIC, DMP, and plainclothes spies)
    Henry Flower (constable accused of murder)
    Into the army (Irish men in British armed forces)
    Jack Power (Royal Irish Constabulary and Dublin Metropolitan Police)
    Joe Chamberlain (crowd control in December 1898)
    Lost in the wood (popular image of police as unhelpful)
    Martha Clifford
(constable accused of murder)
    Old Troy of the DMP (Dublin Metropolitan Police)
    Royal Dublins (army regiment in which Molly's father served)
    Sizeable (large human beings recruited for the police)

    Toppling masonry (suppression of Easter Rising)

A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    Absurd name (Ovid's Dedalus and Icarus, cattle, Stephen)
    Aquinas (ordering mind in part 1)
    As others see us (mother picking lice off children)
    Awfully holy (turn to religion in parts 3 and 4)
    Bayed about (silence, exile, and cunning in part 5)
    Bray (Christmas dinner scene in part 1)
    Chamber music (fusion of the ethereal and the carnal in part 5)
    Clongowes (childhood education from age 6 through high school)
Communion (the ciborium)
Cranly’s arm (interaction with Cranly in part 5)
    Dewy (the villanelle in part 5)
    Equine faces (Temple and Campbell in part 5)
    Ex nihilo (accused of heresy by teacher in part 2)
    Houses of decay (soul's flight in part 5)
    I’m not a hero (ironic treatment of protagonist, rejection of heroism)
    Introibo (rejecting priesthood for art in part 5)
    Invisibility (theoretical ideal of dramatic writing in part 5)
    Jesuits (education by this clerical order)
    Kidneys were in his mind (description of hunger at beginning of part 3)
    Kingsbridge Station (taking train to Cork with his father in part 2)
    Lord Byron (defending his poetry to bullying classmates in part 2)
    McCann (political discussion in part 5)
    Monthly wash (pushed into cesspool in part 1)
    National Library (watching birds from the portico steps in part 5)
    No thoughts (publication of the novel in The Egoist)
    Noserag (insistent repetition of words and phrases)
    Old Mrs Riordan (governess in part 1)
    Pain of love (love poem to E. C.)
    Paresis (incident of madness in part 5)
    Pickmeup (Davin's story of attempted seduction in part 5)
    Ragging (composition of prose vignettes)
    The Russians (petition for universal peace in part 5)
    Server (stated preference for minor offices in part 4)
    Shan Van Vocht (image of Ireland as an old sow in part 5)
    Speak Irish (impatience with Irish language craze in part 5)
    Squashed lice (picking a louse from collar in part 5)
    Stephen Dedalus (development of autobiographical persona)
    A ghost by absence (characterization of dramatic art and departure for Paris in part 5)
    Telemachus (connection between end of the novel and beginning of Ulysses)
    Twining stresses (the villanelle in part 5)
    Unclean loins (Catholic attitudes toward sexuality)
    Waters come down (artist as invisible god in part 5)

Pound, Ezra

    Print anything (self-censorship)
    Sardines (The Study in Aesthetics)

Power sources

    Gaslight (coal gasification, gaslamps)
    Midland bogs (turf)
    Powerhouse (electricity generation, arclights and gaslamps)

Proust, Marcel

Little pills (Swann's Way)
    Madeline the mare (salon acquaintance)


    Agenbite of inwit (guilty conscience)
    Amiens Street (evocation of danger)
    And ever shall be (entrapment)
    As others see us (humbling effects of being seen objectively)
    At four, she said (conspiratorial silences in marriage)
    Black panther (projection)
    Caliban (unpleasant self-knowledge)
    Cloud cover (moods in response to weather)
    The cold of interstellar space (loneliness)
    Did I not take it up? (forgetfulness)
    Exodus (entrapment)
    Fortune's knave (contemptuous resentment)
    A ghost by absence (self-loss)
    Happy warmth (association of warmth with wellbeing)
    His legs (body dissociation)
    Hypnotic suggestion (disturbing effects of parasomnias)
    Leah (guilt toward a parent)
    Lotus Eaters (drugged states)
    Mohammed (blissful relaxation)
    No thoughts (freeing the mind from its thoughts)
    Parallax (seeing things from multiple viewpoints)
    Pulses beating (anger, self-absorption of grief)
    Right. Right. (obsessive-compulsive thoughts)
    Same dream (prophetic dreams and lucid dreaming)
    Slumming (philanthropism and voyeurism)
    Squashed lice (humbling effects of bodily affliction)
    Telemachus (search for sense of purpose)
    To the right (distraction)
    Two fingers (being absorbed in thought)
    Up the quay (distraction)
    Vailed eyelids (the look of love)
    Venus and Adonis (loss of self-confidence, impotence)
    Where is my hat? (forgetfulness)


    Metempsychosis (reincarnation and vegetarianism)



Ralegh, Sir Walter

    Cypherjugglers (Shakespeare authorship question)
    Sir Walter Ralegh (importation of tobacco)

Reade, Amye

    Ruby, Pride of the Ring (Ruby, a Novel)

Religious people

    Aquinas (medieval theologian)
    Augur's rod (ancient priests)
    Averroes and Maimonides (Islamic and Jewish medieval theologians)
    Christian Brothers (Catholic lay order)
    Columbanus (early medieval saint)
    Communion (priests)
    Conversion (archbishop)
    Descende, calve (biblical prophet)
    Deshil Holles Eamus (ancient priests)
    Druids (ancient priests)
    Different churches (12th century monk and archbishop Saint Laurence O'Toole)
    Exodus (Jewish and Catholic celebrants)
    Father Conmee (contemporary Catholic priest)
    Father Farley (contemporary Catholic priest)
    Father Mathew (19th century Catholic priest)
    Father Vaughan (English Jesuit preacher)
    Freemasons (quasi-spiritual fraternal order)
    Hollow shells (pilgrims to Compostela)
    Huguenots (17th century French Protestants)
    Increase and multiply (power of priests)
    Ingemiscit (Saint Ambrose, bishop)
    Into the choir (two popes)
    Jesuits (Catholic clerical order)
    Joachim (12th century prophetic mystic)
    Kidneys of wheat (well-fed priests)
    Malachi (biblical prophet)
    Martha and Mary (two sisters who attend to Jesus)
    Mass for Pope Marcellus (three popes)
    Mohammed (Mohammed)
    Occam (friar William of Ockham)
    Old Mrs Riordan (pious believer)
    An ounce of opium (worshipers)

    Pico della Mirandola (syncretic 15th century theologian)
    Plump shadowed face (Pope Alexander VI)
    Quaker librarian (Thomas Lyster)
    Repent! (Stephen's family)
    Sacred Heart (Margarent Mary Alacoque, 17th century French nun)
    Sodality (lay worshipers)
    Ursula (early medieval saint)

Rhetorical figures

    Aeolus (rhetorical modes and devices)
    Almost human (prosopopoeia)
    Bingbang (onomatopoeia)
    Boosing shed (tapinosis)
    Broadcloth back (synecdoche)
    Brother-in-law of Chris Callinan (zeugma, syllepsis)
    Call it, wait (aporia, dubitatio)
    Child bit by a bellows (anticlimax)
    Clamn dever (metaplasm, metathesis)
    Clever, very (hyperbaton, hysteron proteron, anastrophe)
    Come on! (ecphonesis, exclamatio)
    Co-ome thou lost one (metaplasm, diaeresis)
    The crozier and the pen (metonymy)
    Dullthudding barrels (chiasmus, antimetabole)
    Far and wide (synonymia)
    Feetstoops (anagram)
    Fragment of Cicero's (irony)
    Heartburn on your arse (catachresis, abusio)
    He looked (though he was not) (epanorthosis, metanoia, correctio)
    If you want to draw (enthymeme)
    I'll tell you (hypophora)
    Imperial, imperious, imperative (polyptoton, paregmenon)
    In the heart (metaphor, rhetorical devices in general)
    It is meet to be here (epiphonema)
    It wasn't me, sir (symploce)
    It was revealed to me (anadiplosis)
    I will not say (paralepsis, apophasis)
    Joe Miller (antonomasia)
    Knees, legs, boots (asyndeton)
    The lamb and the cat and the dog (polysyndeton)
    Let there be life (parody)
    Like a cock's wattles (simile)
    Madam, I'm Adam (palindrome)
    'Mid mossy banks (metaplasm, apocope, syncope, aphaeresis)
    Mighty people (antithesis, antitheton)
    The moon (prolepsis)
    More Irish than the Irish (ploce)
    Much, much to learn (epizeuxis, palilogia, geminatio)
    Nannan (metaplasm, antisthecon)
    Neck fat neck (epimone, perseverantia)
    Never you fret (exergasia, expolitio)
    Nor no nothing (rhetorical patterning)
    O, harp Eolian! (apostrophe)
    Old ancient ancestors (tautologia, pleonasm)
    Only for... (aposiopesis)
    On our shore he never set it (parenthesis)
    Or was it you? (erotesis, erotema)
    Parable of the Plums (parabola)
    Remember that time? (anacoenosis)
    Rose of cast steel (paronomasia)
    See it in your face (anaphora)
    Seems to be (epanalepsis)
    Slowed, shunted, changed (homoioteleuton)
    Strong weakness (oxymoron)
    Sudden-at-the-moment (periphrasis)
    They had no idea (hypotyposis, enargia)
    Tram it (anthimeria)
    Vast, I allow: but vile (synchoresis, paromologia, procatalepsis)
    With a heart and a half (hyperbole)
    Working away, tearing away (epistrophe, epiphora, antistrophe)
    Yes I will yes (epanalepsis, epinome, conduplicatio)
    Yes, we will not (litotes)
    Youth led by Experience

Riis, Jacob

    Submerged tenth (How the Other Half Lives)

Ruskin, John

    No hair there (wedding night)

Russell, George (Æ)

    A.E. (biography)
    Mananaan MacLir (Deirdre)

    One thinks of Homer (patronage from Lady Gregory)


Sacher-Masoch, Leopold

Seem to like it (masochism)

Sacred music

Exodus (Gregorian chant)
    Lead, kindly light (Cardinal Newman hymn)
    Mass for Pope Marcellus (Palestrina mass)

    Stabat Mater (Rossini hymn for chorus and soloists)

Schopenhauer, Arthur

    Throb (The World as Will and Idea)  

Schools and universities

Awfully good (Belvedere College)
    Christian Brothers (O'Connell School on North Richmond Street)
    Clongowes (Clongowes Wood College, Jesuit school for boys in County Kildare)
    Cricket (College Park on the Trinity College campus)
    Curran (University College)
    Dame's school (Mrs. Ellis's home school)
    Father Conmee (Clongowes and Belvedere)
    Garrett Deasy (Clifton School, private boys' school in Dalkey)
    High School (Erasmus Smith High School)
    Hornblower (Trinity College)
    In the heart (teaching of rhetoric in boys' schools)
    Jesuits (Clongowes and Belvedere)
    Joe Chamberlain (honorary degree from Trinity College)
    McCann (University College)
    National Schools (public schools that emphasized vocational training)
    Temple (University College)
    Titbits (Elementary Education Act)
    Toppling masonry (field artillery on Trinity College campus in Easter Rising)
    Trinity's surly front (Trinity College)

Scott, Sir Walter

    Ministering angel (Marmion)


    A cenar teco (predatory sexuality)
    Acetic acid (contraception)
    All those words (naughty language)
    Amor matris (maternal love and sexual love)
    Balm of Gilead (masturbation)
    Beef to the heels (attractiveness and unattractiveness)
    Bleibtreustrasse (monogamous fidelity)
    Breasts (non-sexual associations)
    Come home to ma (segregation of genders)
    Cuckoo (cuckoldry)
    Culotte Rouge (soft pornography)
    Daniel O'Connell (reputed promiscuity)
    Dare not speak its name (same-sex love)
    Davy Byrne’s (same-sex love)
    Dewy (sexual excitement, semen)
    Flesh of a different man (non-sexual touch)
    Genuine Christine (black mass)
    Gold Cup (sexual suggestions of horse race)
    Henry Flower (plants' sexual organs)
    His backward eye (cuckoldry)
    Hornmad (sexual excitement, cuckoldry)
    Horsey women (fantasies of rich women)
    Howth tram (sex in natural settings)
    I’m melting (masturbation)
    Increase and multiply (fertilization)
    Infinite possibilities (contraception)
    Ingemiscit (childbirth, sexual weariness)
    Jingle (sexually charged sounds)
    Là ci darem la mano (seduction, subordination to wife)
    Language of flowers (sexual signaling)
    Leave it to my hands (pornography)
    Licentious men (death in flagrante)
    Light of love (promiscuity)
    Lord Byron (first kisses)
    Mantrap (prostitutes and johns)
    Margate strand (voyeurism)
    Maud Gonne (prostitution)
    Moore (condoms, sexuality in fiction)
    Mother Grogan (promiscuity)
    Mrs Marion (subordination to wife)
    Nighttown (prostitution)
    No hair there (heterosexual revulsion)
    Old England (prostitution and venereal disease)
    Omphalos (neo-paganism)
    Pain of love (romantic sexual love)
    Photo Bits (soft pornography, cross-dressing, sadomasochism)
    Photo girl (pornography)
    Pickmeup (casual sex)
    Picnic (association with the outdoors)
    Pishogue (homophobia)
    Potato (symbolic intercourse)
    Preceding series (Molly’s supposed lovers)
    Pugnose (anal eroticism)
    Quoits (sexually suggestive shapes, sounds, and words)
    Ruby, Pride of the Ring (sadism in the circus)
    Salt cloak (arrested sexuality)
    Seem to like it (masochism)
    Shelbourne Hotel (fantasies of rich women)
    Throb (will in the world and in Stephen)
    Tomkin-Maxwell frenchmullan Tomlinson (same-sex love)
    Vailed eyelids (gaze of sexual adoration)
    Vampire (pornography, predatory sexuality)
    Venereal disease (prostitution)
    Venus and Adonis (aggressive female wooing)
    What kind of voice is it? (castration)
    White button (anal sexuality)
    The witching hour (horror and sexual passion)
    This is my body (procreation)
Shakespeare, William

    Agenbite of inwit (Macbeth)
    As others see us (Hamlet)
    Brass quoits (The Merchant of Venice)
    Caliban (The Tempest)
    Coign of vantage (Macbeth)
    Cypherjugglers (authorship question)
    Dog of my enemy (King Lear)
    Dundrum press (Macbeth)
    Fancy bread (The Merchant of Venice)
    Five fathoms (The Tempest)
    Fortune’s knave (Antony and Cleopatra)
    Glimpses of the moon (Hamlet)
    Green gem of the silver sea (Richard II)
    Grey pants (Hamlet)
    He made money (Othello, author's life and career)
    Hornmad (Othello, The Winter's Tale, As You Like It, Much Ado about Nothing)
    Horsey women (Julius Caesar)
    Huggermugger (Hamlet)
    Into a nutshell (Hamlet)
    Kickshaws (Twelfth Night)
    Light of love (Much Ado about Nothing)
    Local colour (Hamlet)
    Lord Byron (Richard II)
    Man in the macintosh (Hamlet)
    Ministering angel
    Moody brooding (Hamlet)
    No mistakes (life and writing)
    Nuncle (King Lear)
    Pebbles (King Lear)
    Purgatory (Hamlet)
    Sacred Heart (Othello)
    Sandal shoon (Hamlet)
    Shrewridden (The Taming of the Shrew)
    Sinkapace (Twelfth Night, Julius Caesar, The Tempest)
    Slimmer (sonnet 130)
    Staring out of death (Hamlet)
    A ghost by absence (Hamlet, life and writing)
    This side idolatry (Hamlet, author's reputation)
    Tower (Hamlet)
    Unweeded garden (Hamlet)
    Usurper (Hamlet)
    Vailed eyelids (Hamlet, Venus and Adonis, 1 Henry VI, Pericles, Edward III)
    Very like a whale (Hamlet)
    The witching hour (Hamlet)
    Venus and Adonis
    Yokefellow (Henry V)

Shaw, George Bernard

    Cricket (witty comment on game)

Shelley, Percy Bysshe
    Botanic Gardens (The Sensitive Plant)  
O, harp Eolian! (Ode to the West Wind)
To evening lands (Hellas)

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley

    Sir Peter Teazle (The School for Scandal)

Songs for music hall and parlor

    Alice Ben Bolt (Ben Bolt, 1848 American song by Thomas Dunn English and Nelson Kneass)
    Break the news to her (1890s song, two versions by Charles Harris and Edward Marks)

    Fancy bread (settings of Shakespeare's Where is Fancy Bred?)
    Flowers in May (1902 American song by Dan Sullivan)
    Goodbye, Sweetheart, Goodbye (1860s English song by John Hatton and Jane Williams)
    Hannigan’s Aunt (1892 Irish song Mat Hannigan's Aunt by Percy French)

    The heathen Chinee (song versions of Bret Harte's The Heathen Chinee)

    Invisibility (song from Turko the Terrible pantomime)
    Jingle (1857 American song Jingle Bells by James Pierpont)

    Lost in the wood (Oh Please, Mister P'liceman by E. Andrews, late 19th century song)
    Love’s Old Sweet Song (art song by Clifton Bingham and James Molloy)

    M'Carthy took the floor (1888 music hall song by Robert Martin)
    Seaside girls (1899 song Those Lovely Seaside Girls by Harry Norris)
    Tooraloom (1873 song I Vowed That I Would Never Leave Her by Arthur Lloyd)
    Where was Moses? (19th century parlor song Where Was Moses When the Light Went Out?)

    Yorkshire Girl (music hall song My Girl's a Yorkshire Girl by C. W. Murphy and Dan Lipton)

Southey, Robert

    One thinks of Homer (an excessively flattering comparison)
    Waters come down (The Cataract of Lodore)

Spenser, Edmund

    His backward eye (The Faerie Queene, book 3)

Stanley, Robert

    Submerged tenth (In Darkest Africa)

Statues and sculptures

    Foundation stone (Augustus Saint-Gaudens statue of Parnell)
    Four Courts (statues of former lawyers and judges)
    Goldsmith's knobby poll (statue of Goldsmith by John Foley next to Trinity's entrance)
    Graham Lemon's (Robin Buck's bronze plaques)
King Billy's horse (statue of King William III)
    Madeline the mare (
French sculptor Philippe Lemaire)
    Nameless One (Oliver Sheppard bust of James Clarence Mangan)
    Nelson’s Pillar (statue by Thomas Kirk)
    No hair there (classical statues of women)
    O’Connell Street (statue of O'Connell by John Foley)

    Onehandled adulterer (Nelson's Pillar)
    Sir John Gray (statue by Sir Thomas Farrell)
    Sir Philip Crampton (John Kirk fountain)

    William Smith O’Brien (statue by Sir Thomas Farrell)

Stephen Hero

    Battling bodies (criticism of field sports in chapter 16)
    Brunetto (attack on the Jesuits in chapter 18)
    Epiphanies (origin of the impulse to compose vignettes)
    I’m not a hero (ironic intention of the title)
    McCann (fuller portrait than in A Portrait)
    Mullingar (scenes based on time spent in the town)
    Pickmeup (nickname "Stevie" used in the book)

Sterne, Laurence

    Don Quixote (Tristram Shandy)
    Master Goff (Tristram Shandy)

Stoker, Bram

   The best death (familiarity with unconsecrated burial ground in Ballybough)
   To Artane (home in Clontarf) 
   Vampire (Dracula)

Swift, Jonathan

    Equine faces (Gulliver's Travels, book 4)
    Furious dean (Gulliver's Travels, book 4)    
    Mity cheese (Polite Conversation)

Swinburne, Algernon

    Ask nothing more of me (The Oblation)   
    Great sweet mother (The Triumph of Time)    
    Whelps and dams (On the Death of Colonel Benson)

Synge, John Millington

    Snotgreen (Irish Literary Revival)
    Synge (biography)
    Wicklowmen (In the Shadow of the Glen)

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Blowing the bellows (electrification of pipe organs)
Clack back (cinema)
    Edenville (telephones)

    Flying Dutchmen (steamships)
    Gramophone (device for playing back sound recordings)

    Huguenots (Jacquard loom)
    Matches (friction-ignited sticks)
    Mauve (synthetic aniline dyes)
    Mutoscope pictures (moving picture devices)

    Photo girl (photography)

    X rays (radiography)

    Pointsman (railway track switches)

    Stereoscope (three-dimensional image device)

    Sunphone (photoacoustic communication device)

Tennyson, Alfred Lord

Enoch Arden (Enoch Arden)
    Lord Tennyson (The May Queen, The Princess, and The Charge of the Light Brigade)
    One great goal (In Memoriam)

Theaters and concert halls

Antient Concert Rooms (musical performance space in Dublin)
Gaiety Theatre (one of two important Dublin theaters)
    Music Hall (Dan Lowry's, aka Empire Theatre of Varieties)
    Queen's Theatre (theater presenting middle- to low-brow works)
    Rotunda (Round Room for musical concerts and circus performances)
    Theatre Royal (one of two important
Dublin theaters)
    Ulster Hall
(musical performance space in Belfast) 
Thompson, Frederick Diodati

    Track of the Sun (world travelogue)

Titanic, sinking of

    Icebergs (ice references)
    Ship of the street (horse as machine)

Traherne, Thomas

    Naked Eve (Centuries of Meditations)


    Amiens Street (railway terminal for northern parts of Ireland)
    Armstrap (protective loops on carriage walls)
    Bray (building of rail lines to the village)
    Brewery barge (river barges carrying Guinness stout east to seagoing ships)
    Broadstone Terminus (railway terminal for western parts of Ireland)
    Butt bridge (swivel bridge to allow passage of ships up the Liffey)
    Cabman's shelter (sites for nonalcoholic rest and refreshment)
    Circulation (tram system, mail delivery system)
    Dalkey tram (tram to southeastern suburb)
    Erin's King (sightseeing steamship in Dublin Bay)
    Grand and Royal Canals (canals to western Ireland that defined the limits of inner-city Dublin)
    Greystones (train lines to southern suburbs)
    Hazard (cabstands)
    Howth tram (tram to town northeast of Dublin)
    Jaunting car (horse-drawn open-air two-wheel cabs)
    Kingsbridge Station (railway terminal for southwestern parts of Ireland)
    Kingstown pier (large harbor for oceangoing ships)
    Kish lightship (lightships, Bloom's trip with Milly on the Erin's King)
    Lochlanns (Viking warships)
    London via long sea (twice-weekly steam packets between Dublin and London)
    Loopline bridge (railroad bridge over the Liffey)
    Mailboat (twice-daily mail service between Kingstown and Holyhead, Wales)
    Midland bogs (transporting turf to Dublin by canal barges)
    Mullingar (railway lines)
    Pigeonhouse (Poolbeg lighthouse)
    Pointsman (switches in railway lines)
    Pugnose (motorman on tram)
    Sandymount Trams (two tram stops in southeastern suburb)
    Threemaster (schooner Rosevean arriving from Bridgwater)
    Timekeeper (dispatcher at Nelson's Pillar)
    Tramways Company (Dublin’s tram company)
    Westland Row (railway terminal for southeastern parts of Ireland)

Twain, Mark

    Don Quixote (Huckleberry Finn
    Where was Moses? (Huckleberry Finn


Union, Act of

Sir John Blackwood (poor historical memory of vote)
    Union (legislative act of 1800)


    Metempsychosis (doctrine of reincarnation)

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Van Dyke, Henry
    Low lintel (Inscriptions for a Friend's House)

Vico, Giambattista

    Vico Road (cyclical history)  

Victorian and Edwardian customs

    Alive all the time (fear of being buried alive)
    Bad gas (fear of corpse gas)
Crape (mourning fabric)
    Dancecards (women's accessories at formal balls)
    Down, sir! (manner of addressing dogs)
    Feather fans (women's fashion accessory)
    Frogmore Memorial (Victoria’s tomb for Albert and herself)
    Gas: then solid: then world (responses to progressivist cosmos)
    Grey pants (mourning customs)
    Hellenise it (moral and aesthetic imperatives)
    Language of flowers (non-verbal communication of romantic feelings)
    Ministering angel (sharply distinguished gender roles)
    Mutes (mourning customs)
    No hair there (female body)
    One great goal (optimistic conception of history)
    Photo Bits (pornographic tastes)
    Slumming (slum tourism)   
    Soap (cultivation of cleanliness)
    Tam (new fashion mode)
    Titbits (off-color suggestion of name)

Vinci, Leonardo da

    Isosceles triangle (various works)

Vining, Edward

    He was a woman (The Mystery of Hamlet)


    Call it, wait (Eclogue 1)
    Hades (underworld in Aeneid 6)
    Metempsychosis (reincarnation in Aeneid 6)

Weather, winds, and waters

Cloud cover (sign of coming rainstorm)
    Drouth (drought in summer 1904)
    Dundrum press (windstorms of 1839 and February 1903)
    Grand and Royal canals (deep freeze in February 1893)
    Greenhouses (deep freeze in February 1893)
    Gulfstream (influence on climate)
    High tide (coming and going of tides)
    Longest day (summer solstice)
    Man in the macintosh (preparation for rain)
    Monthly wash (Stephen's hydrophobia)
    Saint Mark's (windstorm in 1899)
    Soft day
(light rain)
    Woman's hand (sign of coming rainstorm)

Weber, Max

    The priest spells poverty (The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism)

Webster, John

    Ghoststory (The White Devil and The Duchess of Malfi)

    Weave the wind (The Devil's Law Case)

Wells, H. G.

    Cloacal obsession (review of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man)

Whitman, Walt

    I contradict myself (Song of Myself)
Wilde, Oscar

    All or not at all (The Picture of Dorian Gray)
    Caliban (The Picture of Dorian Gray)
    Card behind the headband (calling card)
    Cracked lookingglass (The Decay of Lying)
    Dare not speak its name (trial for homosexual activity)
    Haines's chapbook (court jester to the English)
    Requiescat (poem on death of sister)
    Wilde and paradoxes (his conversational art form)
    Listed feet (The Canterville Ghost

Women working

    He was a woman (Shakespearean actresses)
    Into the choir (women banned from church choirs)
    John Wyse Nolan's wife (political activist)
    Map of it all (Molly's fundraising concert)
    Maud Gonne (political activist)
    Mrs Fleming (charwoman)
    Old Mrs Thornton (midwife)
    Ulster Hall (Molly's upcoming concert)

Woolf, Virginia

    Ministering angel (Professions for Women)
Word play 

    Amiens Street (debouche, Jehu)
    Bright one, light one (horhorn)
    Catalectic (poetic meters)
    Cock lake (pun)
    Contransmagnific (contransmagnificandjewbangtantiality)
    Duumvirate (Latinate expressions)
    Fellowcraft (dual references of master, worship, and light of love)
    Griped (stronger than "gripped")
    High grade ha (truncated words)
    London via long sea (pretentious words via and bona fides)
    Madeline the mare (pun on two artists, a horse, and the sea)
    Man in the macintosh (pun on pop)
    Mity cheese (pun on mighty)
    Morrice (intricate conceits)
    Noserag (repetition, compound words)
    Proteus (shifting flux of language)
    Pugnose (elaboration of pug into repugnant)
    Rows of cast steel (puns)
    Trinity's surly front (old and modern meanings of word)
    Twining stresses (poetic sound patterning)
    Wax and rosewood (ceaseless tinkering)

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Shrewridden (reputation of Socrates' wife)


    Thalatta! (Anabasis)
    Xenophon looked on Marathon (poor memory of Byron's Don Juan)

Yeats, William Butler

    Dundrum press (In the Seven Woods)
    Joachim (The Tables of the Law)
    Love’s bitter mystery (The Countess Kathleen)
    Metempsychosis (The Stolen Child)
    One thinks of Homer (review of work by Lady Gregory)
    Snotgreen (Irish Literary Revival)
    Toppling masonry (Easter, 1916)


    Agendath Netaim (early agricultural venture in Palestine)
  Dlugazc (enthusiastic Zionist)
He was a jew (Bloom's ambivalent interest in the project)
    New Jerusalem (Theodor Herzl's founding of the movement)

Zola, Émile


    Caliban (naturalism)
    Flyblown faces (Nana's rotted face)
German jews (J'accuse letter on the Dreyfus affair)

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