In Telemachus Mulligan dons "his primrose waistcoat," and in Proteus Stephen thinks of his companion metonymically as a "primrose doublet." The color of the vest, a light yellow, coheres with Mulligan's sartorial choice of a dressinggown, and it may symbolically reinforce Stephen's judgment of him as a "heretic" who would deny the serious value of Stephen's art.

JH 2015

Oil portrait of General Peter Heron (1770-1849) of Moor Hall, Cheshire, by Thomas Kirkby. Source: www.askart.com.

Tailor wearing a doublet with sleeves, in an oil portrait by Giovanni Battista Moroni, ca. 1570. Source: Wikimedia Commons.