At the beginning of Telemachus, Stephen has pondered "Mulligan's even white teeth, glistening here and there with gold points." At the end of the chapter, Mulligan turns his "hyperborean" flattery of Stephen to mockery: "Toothless Kinch and I, the supermen." Stephen too will think of his decaying teeth, at the end of Proteus: “My teeth are very bad. Why, I wonder. Feel. That one is going too. Shells. Ought I go to a dentist, I wonder, with that money? That one. This. Toothless Kinch, the superman.” In these details Joyce was faithfully representing his own condition at the time.

JH 2011

Everyone but Jim has the toothache: the Joyces with their solicitor on their wedding day, July 4, 1931. Ellmann reproduces the photograph courtesy of the Poetry-Rare Books Collection at SUNY Buffalo.