In his list of creditors in Nestor Stephen recalls that he owes "Curran" a quite large sum: "ten guineas." Constantine Curran, "Con" or "Conn" to his friends, was a friend to Joyce from their university days until the end of Joyce's life. Of the ten college-age acquaintances in the list, he is one of seven represented under their own names. The other three––Mulligan, McCann, and Temple––are fictive names for actual acquaintances.

John Hunt 2022

Detail of Curran in a photograh of students and faculty members at University College, Dublin ca. 1900 (click to see entire photo). Source:

Photograph of Joyce taken by Curran in 1904. Source: Ellmann, James Joyce.

Constantine Curran in later life. Source: