"Ineluctable modality of the visible: at least that if no more, thought through my eyes": at the beginning of Proteus Stephen is thinking about sight, and continuing the balancing act between prophetic vision and Aristotelian empiricism that occupied him at the beginning of Nestor. Trying a thought experiment to see if he can access ultimate reality by transcending sensory appearances, he decides that he cannot, and spends the rest of the chapter looking around him.

JH 2014

Odd Nerdrum, Self-Portrait with Eyes Closed (1991), held in the Nerdrum Museum. Source:

Self-Portrait with Eyes Closed, artist unknown. Source: