National Schools

In Calypso Bloom passes by "Saint Joseph's National school" and hears the "Brats' clamour. Windows open. Fresh air helps memory." In Hades the funeral procession takes him by another "National school," this one called Saint Andrew's though it is not named in the narrative. The National Schools were public schools, funded by the government, that served students of the lower middle class and emphasized vocational education. In theory, at least, they embraced all religious denominations and strictly separated religious instruction from the rest of the curriculum.

JH 2021

The building that formerly housed St. Joseph National School, now St. Raphael's Private Clinic, an extension of the nearby Mater Misericordiae Hospital. Source: Gareth Collins.

St. Andrew's National School today, put to new uses. Source: Gareth Collins.