Paddy Dignam

The man whose funeral Bloom attends in Hades, Patrick (Paddy) Dignam, is fictional, though Joyce modeled his funeral on one he had actually attended for a man named Matthew Francis Kane. Joyce made Dignam emblematic of two corporeal conditions: the universal human liability to becoming suddenly extinct, and the pervasive Dublin flaw of drinking too much alcohol. Both are implicit in the book's first mention of Dignam in Calypso: "Stop and say a word: about the funeral perhaps. Sad thing about poor Dignam, Mr O'Rourke."

JH 2017

Laborer Henry Barter smoking a pipe in John Mullet's pub in Amiens Street, Dublin, in 1953. Source:

Kane's gravestone in Glasnevin's Prospect Cemetery. Source:

Photographic portrait, date unknown, of Matthew F. Kane. Source: