Freeman's Journal

The Freeman's Journal, often called simply the "Freeman" in Ulysses, was one of Dublin's daily newspapers. This nationalist publication (a designation more deserved at some times than at others) was Ireland's first truly national paper during the 19th century, and in 1904 its circulation was so large that it could claim, in weekly ads, to be "the leading Irish newspaper." Leopold Bloom works for the paper lining up ads—in Lestrygonians Nosey Flynn tells Davy Byrne that "He does canvassing for the Freeman"—and from Lotus Eaters to Sirens Bloom carries around a copy of the June 16 issue.

John Hunt 2018

Detail from page 1 of the Freeman's Journal for June 16, 1904. Source: