Hokypoky

In Lotus Eaters Bloom thinks of "Hokypoky penny a lump," and later chapters show this mysterious substance being sold on the streets by Italian vendors. It was a form of cheap frozen ice that, like other ices and ice creams of its day, had been implicated in many outbreaks of disease in Europe and America.

JH 2020

Photograph of a Victorian ice cream cart, date and location unknown. Source: flickr.com.

Another photograph of a Victorian ice cream cart, date and location unknown. Source: www.alamy.com.

2009 photograph by Linda Spashett of 19th century penny lick glasses held in the Herne Bay Museum and Gallery in Kent, England. Source: Wikimedia Commons.