Music hall

Although the institution of the "music hall" is explicitly mentioned only a few times in Ulysses, many of the songs included in the novel were performed in these British entertainment venues, which dominated popular culture in the later 19th century and the first half of the 20th, until competition from jazz, television, and rock and roll pushed them to the margins.

JH 2017

Dan Lowrey's Star of Erin Music Hall, in an image from a program cover reproduced in Eugene Watters' and Matthew Murtagh's Infinite Variety: Dan Lowrey's Music Hall, 1879-97 (Norwich, 1975). Source:

Engraving of the Oxford Music Hall ca. 1875, held in the London Theatre Museum collection. Source: Wikimedia Commons.