The "newsboys" twice seen––and strongly heard––in Aeolus were a prominent part of English, Irish, and American city life in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. They exemplified capitalism in action, both in the newspapers' exploitation of poor boys to distribute their products and in the boys' energetic determination to escape brutal poverty. The cries of these enterprising boys add another layer of sound to the very noisy newspaper chapter.

John Hunt 2023

Illustration of two Irish newsboys in the 20 December 1884 issue of the Irish Times. Source:

Photograph of St. Louis, Missouri newsboys taken by Lewis Wickes Hine in 1910. Source: