In addition to being bathed in alcohol, Ulysses is suffused with the smell of tobacco. Cigarettes figure prominently in the book, backed by briefer appearances from pipes, cigars, chewing tobacco, and snuff. As with alcohol, Bloom does not abstain totally, but he does resist the pull of this addictive substance, pondering its health effects as a "poison."

John Hunt 2018

John J. Clarke, photograph of two gentlemen walking past a tobacconist's on Grafton Street, ca. 1897-1904. Source:

1902 ad for Muratti's cigarettes in a German magazine, touting their use of the finest Turkish tobacco. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Photograph of a woman smoking, date unknown. Source: