When a hallucinated Josie Breen threatens to tell Bloom's wife that she has found him in Monto ("I know somebody won't like that. O just wait till I see Molly!"), he defends himself by saying that Molly too would like to walk by the whorehouses: "(Looks behind.) She often said she'd like to visit. Slumming. The exotic, you see. Negro servants too in livery if she had money. Othello black brute." As the accompanying racist fantasy of being serviced by a black stud makes clear, gazing on fallen women can be seen as an act of classist appropriation. For several decades people in London and New York City had been "slumming"––touring ghettoes to see poverty and depravity firsthand––although most of them probably imagined their motives to be noble. It seems possible that by 1904 Dublin was joining the trend.

John Hunt 2023

"Doing the slums" in New York City, an 1885 wood engraving from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, held in the Library of Congress.
Source: Wikimedia Commons.

A similar scene in London, date and publication venue unknown.