Fine old custom

The "fine old custom" that Simon Dedalus is glad to see "has not died out" is the one that he and his companions are observing in Hades: riding through the center of town in horse-drawn carriages to attend a funeral. Later during the ride to Glasnevin, Bloom suggests that it might be desirable to replace equine transport with electric trams, a modern innovation that was catching on in cities throughout Europe and North America. The idea was never adopted in Dublin.

John Hunt 2019

April 1921 photograph, held in the National Library of Ireland, of a hearse leading the funeral procession for Archbishop William Walsh around Dunphy's (Doyle's) corner from the North Circular Road onto the Phibsborough Road en route to the Glasnevin cemetery. Automobiles have replaced the mourners' horse-drawn carriages in this scene, and no funeral tram is rolling along the tracks. Source:

Postcard, pre-1921, showing a Parisian electric tram dedicated to "service funéraire," carrying the deceased and mourners "between the church and the new cemetery of Vincennes located 5 km from the city." Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Hearse which overturned in Ipswich in 2008. Source: